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The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXCR4 participate in the retention of normal hematopoietic stem cells within the bone marrow (BM) and their release into the circulation. Homing and engraftment of human stem cells in immunodeficient mice are dependent on cell surface CXCR4 expression and the production of BM SDF-1, which(More)
Checkpoint genes code for a family of proteins which sense DNA damage in eukaryotic cells. They play an important role in the control of the cell cycle. The human CHK2 is a homolog of the yeast G(2) checkpoint kinases known as CDS1 and RAD53. The CHK2 may be a tumor suppressor gene because it was found to be mutated in some individuals with the Li-Fraumeni(More)
The CHK2 gene encodes a protein kinase that is important for the regulation of cell cycle arrest after DNA damage. CHK2 acts downstream of ataxia teleangiecstasia mutated (ATM), modulates the function of p53 and may help mediate cell cycle arrest at G2/M by phosphorylation of Cdc25C. Recently, the human homolog of the checkpoint kinase Cds1 (CHK2) has been(More)
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a serious complication that occurs in approximately 1-5% of patients treated with heparin and may be associated with severe thrombotic events. HIT is mediated by antibodies directed mostly to epitope(s) formed by complexes between heparin or other anionic mucopolysaccharides and platelet factor 4 (PF4).(More)
Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) and its receptor CXCR4 are implicated in the pathogenesis and prognosis of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Cellular microparticles, submicron vesicles shed from the plasma membrane of various cells, are also associated with human pathology. In the present study, we investigated the putative relationships(More)
The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor, CXCR4, participate in the retention of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) cells within the bone marrow microenvironment and their release into the circulation. AML cells also constitutively express SDF-1-dependent elastase, which regulates their migration and proliferation. To study the(More)
Tumors contain a fraction of cancer stem cells that maintain the propagation of the disease. The CD34(+)CD38(-) cells, isolated from acute myeloid leukemia (AML), were shown to be enriched leukemic stem cells (LSC). We isolated the CD34(+)CD38(-) cell fraction from AML and compared their gene expression profiles to the CD34(+)CD38(+) cell fraction, using(More)
Multiple myeloma is characterized by the malignant growth of immunoglobulin producing plasma cells, predominantly in the bone marrow. The effects of primary human mesenchymal stromal cells on the differentiation phenotype of multiple myeloma cells were studied by co-culture experiments. The incubation of multiple myeloma cells with bone marrow-derived(More)
The Chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its ligand stromal derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) are important players involved in cross-talk between leukemia cells and the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment. CXCR4 expression is associated with poor prognosis in AML patients with and without the mutated FLT3 gene.CXCL12 which is constrictively secreted from the BM stroma(More)
Checkpoint genes, activated in response to DNA damage and other stresses, are frequently targeted for alteration in cancer. Checkpoint kinase 2 (CHK2, CDS1, RAD53) is activated by ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) in response to gamma irradiation. Activated CHK2 stabilizes TP53, and acts on other cell cycle and stress regulators. These findings place CHK2(More)