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The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXCR4 participate in the retention of normal hematopoietic stem cells within the bone marrow (BM) and their release into the circulation. Homing and engraftment of human stem cells in immunodeficient mice are dependent on cell surface CXCR4 expression and the production of BM SDF-1, which(More)
The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor, CXCR4, participate in the retention of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) cells within the bone marrow microenvironment and their release into the circulation. AML cells also constitutively express SDF-1-dependent elastase, which regulates their migration and proliferation. To study the(More)
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a serious complication that occurs in approximately 1-5% of patients treated with heparin and may be associated with severe thrombotic events. HIT is mediated by antibodies directed mostly to epitope(s) formed by complexes between heparin or other anionic mucopolysaccharides and platelet factor 4 (PF4).(More)
Checkpoint genes, activated in response to DNA damage and other stresses, are frequently targeted for alteration in cancer. Checkpoint kinase 2 (CHK2, CDS1, RAD53) is activated by ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) in response to gamma irradiation. Activated CHK2 stabilizes TP53, and acts on other cell cycle and stress regulators. These findings place CHK2(More)
Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) and its receptor CXCR4 are implicated in the pathogenesis and prognosis of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Cellular microparticles, submicron vesicles shed from the plasma membrane of various cells, are also associated with human pathology. In the present study, we investigated the putative relationships(More)
Mutations of transcription factors are associated with the pathogenesis of cancer. Genomic DNA from 381 cancers and cell lines representing leukemias, lymphomas and a variety of solid tumors were examined for mutations of genes coding for the C/EBP-beta, C/EBP-alpha, PU.1, and AML1 transcription factors using single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP)(More)
The CHK2 gene encodes a protein kinase that is important for the regulation of cell cycle arrest after DNA damage. CHK2 acts downstream of ataxia teleangiecstasia mutated (ATM), modulates the function of p53 and may help mediate cell cycle arrest at G2/M by phosphorylation of Cdc25C. Recently, the human homolog of the checkpoint kinase Cds1 (CHK2) has been(More)
Poor prognosis of acute leukemia with current treatments is mainly due to the relapse of the disease following chemotherapy. In the last decade, an emerging concept has proposed that the leukemia stem cells (LSCs) and their interactions with the BM microenvironment are the major cause of the acute leukemia relapse. Adhesion to the stromal niche is crucial(More)
Xenografting of human blood malignancies to immunodeficient SCID mice is a powerful research tool. We evaluate here whether the immunodeficient turkey embryo can also serve as a xenograft host for human blood malignancies. Human leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma lines engrafted robustly into medullary and extramedullary tissues of turkey embryos as detected by(More)
Tumors contain a fraction of cancer stem cells that maintain the propagation of the disease. The CD34(+)CD38(-) cells, isolated from acute myeloid leukemia (AML), were shown to be enriched leukemic stem cells (LSC). We isolated the CD34(+)CD38(-) cell fraction from AML and compared their gene expression profiles to the CD34(+)CD38(+) cell fraction, using(More)