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BACKGROUND & AIMS Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), a gut-derived peptide degraded by dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4), stimulates insulin secretion in response to nutrients, yet its direct effect on the liver is controversial. We investigated the effects of GLP-1 on hepatic fat and glucose metabolism and elucidated its mechanism of action. METHODS Hepatic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS New serologic markers of inflammatory bowel disease may be useful for differentiating between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis and for disease stratification. We profiled sugar-binding antibodies to identify novel antiglycan antibodies that may be associated with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS Serum samples were obtained from(More)
BACKGROUND Decline in insulin action is a metabolic feature of aging and is involved in the development of age-related diseases including Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). A novel mitochondria-associated peptide, Humanin (HN), has a neuroprotective role against AD-related neurotoxicity. Considering the association between insulin(More)
Insulin resistance (IR) is one of the most widespread health problems in modern times. The gold standard for quantification of IR is the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic glucose clamp technique. During the test, a regulated glucose infusion is delivered intravenously to maintain a constant blood glucose concentration. Current control algorithms for regulating(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infects the liver and uses its cell host for gene expression and propagation. Therefore, targeting host factors essential for HBV gene expression is a potential anti-viral strategy. Here we show that treating HBV expressing cells with the natural phenolic compound curcumin inhibits HBV gene expression and replication. This inhibition(More)
BACKGROUND Infliximab (IFX) is effective therapy for ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, but it may be associated with side effects and loss of response. One loss of response mechanism is increased IFX clearance (IFX-CL), resulting in short half-life and decreased troughs. METHODS Patients were recruited, and relevant demographic, clinical, and(More)
Central obesity is frequently associated with adipose tissue inflammation and hepatic insulin resistance. To identify potential individual mediators in this process, we used in vitro systems and assessed if insulin resistance in liver cells could be induced by secreted products from adipocytes preexposed to an inflammatory stimulus. Conditioned medium from(More)
The present study examined whether the perinephric and epididymal visceral fat (PEVF) depot under short-term excess nutrient protected the liver by trapping nutrient-derived nonesterified free fatty acids (NEFAs) or had deleterious effects on hepatic triglycerides (TGs) accumulation and insulin resistance due to adipokine secretion. Young rats pre-emptively(More)
Caloric restriction (CR) can delay many age-related diseases and extend lifespan, while an increase in adiposity is associated with enhanced disease risk and accelerated aging. Among the various fat depots, the accrual of visceral fat (VF) is a common feature of aging, and has been shown to be the most detrimental on metabolic syndrome of aging in humans.(More)