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Over a 30-month period from July 1995 to December 1997, new detections of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) were prospectively studied in a tertiary referral hospital. The aims of the study were to determine the incidence of colonization of patients admitted to each of the hospital's 39 clinical units and ascertain where each patient had(More)
We studied the effects of intra-arterial chemotherapy on the visual system of 29 consecutive patients with gliomas. As expected, infra-ophthalmic carotid infusion of cisplatin or carmustine (BCNU) was associated with clinically apparent anterior visual pathway lesions. Electroretinography revealed retinal dysfunction in patients without clinical(More)
Deprenyl, a selective inhibitor of monoamine oxidase, type B, which is free of the "tyramine effect," may ameliorate symptom fluctuations in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). We randomized 96 patients with marked symptom fluctuations at three centers to receive either deprenyl 5 mg b.i.d. or placebo in parallel fashion in addition to a previously optimized(More)
Measurements of hippocampal formation atrophy using MRI have been useful in distinguishing demented patients with a diagnosis of probable Alzheimer's disease from cognitively normal controls. To determine whether there is a similar relationship between hippocampal size and dementia in elderly patients suspected of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), the(More)
We reviewed the serial CT studies obtained between 1974 and 1986 of 31 patients with malignant glioma who survived for 2 to 11 years after surgical removal of their tumors. In all cases surgery was followed by radiation therapy to the head (6000 rad) and chemotherapy. Patients were divided into two age groups: those under age 40 (n = 13) and those over age(More)
Eight of 57 patients (14%) with malignant astrocytomas lived at least 2 years. The mean survival time was 143 weeks (range, 104 to 250 weeks). All of the patients were treated with operation, radiation, and chemotherapy. Four of the 8 patients died because of tumor recurrence, 1 died from a second primary tumor, 2 died of cases unrelated to the tumor, and 1(More)
Most functional phaeochromocytomas/paragangliomas produce noradrenaline and/or adrenaline. Those that produce dopamine are rare. We describe the distinguishing clinical features of dopamine-secreting phaeochromocytomas and paragangliomas from those that secrete noradrenaline/adrenaline and the impact on their management. We present a case of a(More)
Five patients with hydrocephalus were studied with carbon-11-2-deoxyglucose or 2-deoxy-2-(18F) fluoro-D-glucose and positron emission tomography both prior to and following ventricular shunting. Four subjects had communicating hydrocephalus; the fifth had aqueductal stenosis, two patients had hydrocephalus for three months or less. The three chronic(More)