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A peptide based on the N-terminal fusion domain of gp41 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and its tryptophan analog were synthesized to examine the secondary structure in the micellar environment. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), circular dichroism and electron paramagnetic resonance experiments indicated that the gp41 fusion peptide inserted(More)
The exchange broadening of backbone amide proton resonances of a 23-mer fusion peptide of the transmembrane subunit of HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp41, gp41-FP, was investigated at pH 5 and 7 at room temperature in perdeuterated sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micellar solution. Comparison of resonance peaks for these pHs revealed an insignificant change in(More)
NMR and CD studies were carried out on a peptide representing the hydrophobic N-terminal domain of envelope glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 in solutions of varying polarity. It was found that in aquaeous solution the amide proton of glycine in the FLG motif resonated at a considerably high field and its chemical shift, within the limit(More)
The conformation and interactions with membrane mimics of the NH(2)-terminal fragment 1-25 of HA2, HA2-(1-25), of influenza virus were studied by spectroscopic methods. Secondary structure analysis of circular dichroism data revealed 45% helix for the peptide at pH 5.0. Tryptophan fluorescence quenching by acrylamide and NMR experiments established that the(More)
A peptide of 51 amino acids corresponding to the NH2-terminal region (5-55) of the glycoprotein gp41 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 was synthesized to study its conformation and assembly. Nuclear magnetic resonance experiments indicated the sequence NH2-terminal to the leucine zipper-like domain of gp41 was induced into helix in the micellar(More)
The structural effect of a proline in a helix in trifluoroethanol (TFE)/water medium was examined on a 29-mer peptide and its proline analog derived from the leucine zipper (LZ)-like motif of gp41 (the transmembrane glycoprotein of HIV-1) by NMR and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopies. Lower helical content was found for the proline mutant from the CD(More)
Two-dimensional NMR, circular dichroism (CD) experiments and molecular modeling were performed to study the secondary structure of a 44-mer peptide fragment derived from the C4 region of gp120 of human immunodeficiency virus in aqueous solution. It was found a nascent helical structure exists following a type I turn near the N-terminus of the peptide. The(More)
While much information exists about the structure and function of the clonally distributed T cell receptor (TCR) alpha beta heterodimer, little is known about the gamma protein, the product of a third rearranging TCR gene. An antiserum to a carboxyl-terminal peptide common to several of the murine gamma chain constant regions and a monoclonal antibody to(More)
OBJECTIVE Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is the main cause of gastroduodenal ulcer. The molecular mechanisms that underlying this progress are still not very clear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that function as negative regulator of numerous target genes at posttranscriptional level. miRNAs plays important roles in the development(More)
The interaction between the cobalt(III) complex of a bleomycin functional model (AMPHIS-NET) and the oligonucleotide d(CGCAATTGCG)2 and the structural features of the 1:1 ligand-DNA complex have been determined by high-resolution two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance methods and restrained molecular dynamics calculations. The intermolecular nuclear(More)