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The retrogradation of untreated wild-type starches (potato, maize, and wheat), waxy maize starches, and one pregelatinized, modified amylose-rich starch was investigated continuously using Raman spectroscopy. The method detects conformational changes due to the multi-stage retrogradation, the rate of which differs between the starches. The pregelatinized,(More)
The structure and hydration of a stratum corneum (SC) lipid model membrane composed of N-(alpha-hydroxyoctadecanoyl)-phytosphingosine (CER6)/cholesterol (Ch)/palmitic acid (PA)/cholesterol sulfate (ChS) were characterized by neutron diffraction. The neutron scattering length density across the SC lipid model membrane was calculated from measured diffraction(More)
Mid-IR and Raman spectroscopy are versatile tools in pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics, with a wide field of applications ranging from characterization of drug formulations to elucidation of kinetic processes in drug delivery. After an introduction to the basic principles of IR and Raman spectroscopy, new developments in applications of these methods for(More)
PURPOSE Recently, colloidal dispersions made of mixtures from solid and liquid lipids have been described to overcome the poor drug loading capacity of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN). It has been proposed that these nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) are composed of oily droplets, which are embedded in a solid lipid matrix. High loading capacities and(More)
Carrageenans were analysed in mixture with polymorphic drugs to test their potential for minimising polymorphic or pseudopolymorphic transitions, which are induced by the tableting process. The kappa-carrageenans Gelcarin GP-812 NF and Gelcarin GP-911 NF and the iota-carrageenan Gelcarin GP-379 NF were tested in comparison to the well-known tableting(More)
The lipid matrix in stratum corneum (SC) plays a key role in the barrier function of the mammalian skin. The major lipids are ceramides (CER), cholesterol (CHOL) and free fatty acids (FFA). Especially the unique-structured omega-acylceramide CER[EOS] is regarded to be essential for skin barrier properties by inducing the formation of a long-periodicity(More)
Etiopathogenetic regulatory disorders of epidermal metabolism and the subsequent changes in the molecular pattern of the stratum corneum play an important role in the clinical differentiation of particular dermatoses (e.g., psoriasis, atopic dermatitis). In this study we present in vitro Fourier transform Raman spectra of the stratum corneum from healthy(More)
The lipid matrix of the stratum corneum (SC) is the major diffusion-rate-limiting pathway by which most drugs intracellularly pass the SC. The major lipid classes extracted from the SC are ceramides, cholesterol and free fatty acids. Ceramides that comprise nine subclasses play a crucial role in maintaining the barrier function of the skin. A profound(More)
In this study, the effect of powder cellulose (PC) and 2 types of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC 101 and MCC 301) on pellet properties produced by an extrusion/spheronization process was investigated. The different investigated types of cellulose displayed different behavior during the extrusion/spheronization process. Pure PC was unsuitable for extrusion,(More)
Fourier transform (FT) Raman spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to study the thermotropic phase behaviour of mixtures of ceramides type IV (CER) and stearic acid (SA). For comparison the melting behaviour of SA was re-examined. The Raman spectra of all mixtures in the solid state show sharp bands associated with trans(More)