Siegfried W. de Laat

Learn More
Microviscosity (n) of the cell membrane lipid layer was determined in synchronized C1300 mouse neuroblastoma cells (clone Neuro-2A) by fluorescence polarization of 1,6-diphenystratum. The determined n value was maximal in mitosis, decreased markedly in the G1 phase, remained constant at a low level during the S phase, and increased again during the G2(More)
In a number of cell types, epidermal growth factor (EGF) evokes dramatic morphological changes, cortical actin polymerization, and stress fiber breakdown. The molecular processes by which increased EGF receptor tyrosine kinase activity results in actin reorganization and morphological changes are unresolved. Recently, we demonstrated that arachidonic acid(More)
Here we report that protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases), like their enzymatic counterpart the protein tyrosine kinases, can play an important role in cell differentiation. Expression of the transmembrane PTPase receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase alpha (RPTP alpha) is transiently enhanced during neuronal differentiation of embryonal carcinoma (EC) and(More)
Histamine receptors are present on the surface of various normal and tumor-derived cell types, where their biological function is incompletely understood. Here we report that histamine not only stimulates cell proliferation under serum-free conditions, but also is chemotactic for human carcinoma (Hela and A431) and melanoma (A875) cells expressing H1 type(More)
Cation transport and membrane potential were studied during the cell cycle of neuroblastoma cells (clone Neuro-2A) to investigate the role of these parameters in growth regulation. The cells were synchronized by selective detachment of mitotic cells. The membrane potential and intracellular K+ activity were measured with conventional and K+-selective(More)
Parathyroid hormone related peptide (PTHrP), first identified in tumors from patients with the syndrome of "Humoral Hypercalcemia of Malignancy," can replace parathyroid hormone (PTH) in activating the PTH-receptor in responsive cells. Although PTHrP expression is widespread in various adult and fetal tissues, its normal biological function is as yet(More)
The cooperative action of 17 beta-estradiol (E2) and polypeptide growth factors in stimulating proliferation of human breast cancer cells in vitro was investigated. To prevent background estrogenic stimulation, only phenol red-free media were used. When cultured in media supplemented with steroid-stripped serum in which all polypeptide growth factor(More)
Addition of epidermal growth factor (EGF) to human A431 cells causes a 2-4-fold increase in cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) as measured by quin-2 fluorescence. The EGF effect is rapid but transient: [Ca2+]i reaches a maximum within 30-60 s and then returns to its resting value (182 +/- 3 nM) over a 5-8-min period. The EGF-induced [Ca2+]i rise(More)
The electrical membrane potential (Em) and electrical membrane resistance (Rm) were measured continuously during the first cleavage of Xenopus eggs, using intracellular microelectrodes . A sharp hyperpolarization of Em and decrease in Rm can be observed from 6 to 8 min after the onset of cleavage . This moment coincides with the onset of the insertion of(More)