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Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common intestinal ailment of which the pathophysiological mechanisms are not well understood. Most IBS patients demonstrate enhanced perception, visceral hypersensitivity, in response to distension of the gut lumen but there are conflicting results about changes in somatic sensitivity. This study focused on the possible(More)
In the pathogenesis of type-1 diabetes insulin-producing beta-cells are destroyed by cellular autoimmune processes. The locality of beta-cell destruction is the inflamed pancreatic islet. During insulitis cytokines released from islet-infiltrating mononuclear cells affect beta-cells at several levels. We investigated whether cytokine-induced beta-cell(More)
Protective and/or repair mechanisms are thought to be activated in pancreatic beta cells in response to injury during insulitis. Manifestation of type-1 diabetes may depend on an imbalance between beta cell damage and repair. To prove this hypothesis, the ability of collagenase-isolated islets to respond to heat stress depending on the age of BB rats was(More)
Clinicians should combine nonpharmacologic therapies and pharmacotherapy for management of chronic pain. Safety and effectiveness determine the choice of therapy. Typically, nonopioid analgesics are first-line treatment, including acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and topical drugs. A trial of an opioid, in combination with other(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe and understand varieties and characteristics of sensitization contributing to hyperalgesia in participants with chronic pain conditions. METHODS Thermal stimulation was delivered to the face, forearm, and calf of pain-free participants and individuals with irritable bowel syndrome, temporomandibular pain disorder (TMD), and(More)
This study evaluated relationships between irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) pain, sympathetic dysregulation, and thermal pain sensitivity. Eight female patients with diarrhea-predominant IBS and ten healthy female controls were tested for sensitivity to thermal stimulation of the left palm. A new method of response-dependent thermal stimulation was used to(More)
During the course of a psychophysical study of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), one of the subjects with a long history of headache and facial pain displayed an extraordinarily severe thermal allodynia. Her stimulus-response function for ratings of cutaneous heat pain revealed a sensitivity clearly beyond that of normal controls and most FMS subjects. Specially(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To develop and validate a predictive model for glucose change and risk for new-onset impaired fasting glucose in hypertensive participants following treatment with atenolol or hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). DESIGN Randomized multicenter clinical trial. PATIENTS A total of 735 white or African-American men and women with uncomplicated(More)
Generalized hypersensitivity that extends into somatic areas is common in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The sensitized state, particularly assessed by experimental methods, is known to persist even during remissions of clinical pain. It was hypothesized that disease-related nociceptive activity in the gut maintains a systemic-sensitized(More)
In this case report, the authors describe the implementation of a system for collecting patient-reported outcomes and integrating results in an electronic health record. The objective was to identify lessons learned in overcoming barriers to collecting and integrating patient-reported outcomes in an electronic health record. The authors analyzed qualitative(More)