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Painful and non-painful pressure sensations from muscle are generally accepted to exist but the peripheral neural correlate has not been clarified. The aim of the present human study was to assess the non-painful and painful pressure sensitivity with (1) anaesthetised skin, and (2) anaesthetised skin combined with a block of large diameter muscle afferents.(More)
To test the hypothesis that painful stimuli to skeletal muscle lead to a widespread unmasking of synaptic connections in dorsal horn neurons, intramuscular injections of bradykinin (BKN) were made outside the receptive fields (RFs) of these cells in the rat. Following BKN injections, new RFs all of which were located in the deep tissues and had high(More)
  • S Mense
  • 2000
In the spinal cord, long descending pathways are known to exist which modulate pain sensations by either inhibiting or facilitating the discharges of spinal nociceptive neurones. In this article, the hypothesis is discussed that the pain of fibromyalgia may be due to a dysfunction of these pain-modulating pathways. Theoretically, two kinds of disturbance(More)
In chloralose-anaesthetized cats, the impulse activity of single afferent units conducting at less than 30 m s-1 and having receptive fields in the triceps surae muscle or the calcaneal tendon, was recorded from thin filaments of the dorsal roots L7 and S1. The receptive fields of the units were tested with a variety of graded natural stimuli (local(More)
The effect of the sodium channel blocking agent tetrodotoxin (TTX) on signal processing in afferent fibres of dorsal roots was tested in Sprague-Dawley rats. TTX applied to the dorsal roots L4-L6 blocked the fast afferent volleys from the sural nerve, which was stimulated electrically with supramaximal strength for A-fibres. Afferent C-fibre compound action(More)
Nociceptive nerve endings in muscles and other tissues are equipped with a multitude of receptor molecules for endogenous pain-producing and sensitizing agents. Particularly interesting molecules are the purinergic receptors, which can be activated by adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and the vanilloid receptor, which is sensitive to protons (low pH). The(More)
The aim of the study was to find out to what extent muscle receptors with slowly conducting afferent fibres (group III and IV) are activated by muscular contractions of moderate force, and what kind of muscle afferents could mediate the pain of ischaemic exercise. In chloralose-anaesthetized cats, the impulse activity of single afferent units from the(More)
In inflamed tissue--including skeletal muscle--the concentrations of cytokines and neurotrophins are known to increase. However, nothing is known about a possible contribution of these agents to muscle pain and hyperalgesia. The present study investigated acute effects of cytokines and neurotrophins on response properties of slowly conducting muscle(More)
In the literature, the pro- or antinociceptive effects of nitric oxide (NO) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) are discussed controversially. Our laboratory and others have reported that in the spinal cord a local lack of NO has an excitatory action on the ongoing (background) activity of dorsal horn neurones. Here, we tested the hypothesis that this(More)