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Painful and non-painful pressure sensations from muscle are generally accepted to exist but the peripheral neural correlate has not been clarified. The aim of the present human study was to assess the non-painful and painful pressure sensitivity with (1) anaesthetised skin, and (2) anaesthetised skin combined with a block of large diameter muscle afferents.(More)
Micturition reflexes become hyperexcitable with the development of a cystitis. In the present study the question is addressed, whether alterations in the expression of neuropeptides and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in the neuronal pathways to the bladder may be involved in the hyperexcitability. Primary sensory neurones in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) L1,(More)
Measurable sources of muscle tension include viscoelastic tone, physiological contracture (neither of which involve motor unit action potentials), voluntary contraction, and muscle spasm (which we define as involuntary muscle contraction). The latter two depend on motor unit action potentials to generate the tension. Total muscle tension is most accurately(More)
To test the hypothesis that painful stimuli to skeletal muscle lead to a widespread unmasking of synaptic connections in dorsal horn neurons, intramuscular injections of bradykinin (BKN) were made outside the receptive fields (RFs) of these cells in the rat. Following BKN injections, new RFs all of which were located in the deep tissues and had high(More)
In chloralose-anaesthetized cats, the impulse activity of single afferent units conducting at less than 30 m s-1 and having receptive fields in the triceps surae muscle or the calcaneal tendon, was recorded from thin filaments of the dorsal roots L7 and S1. The receptive fields of the units were tested with a variety of graded natural stimuli (local(More)
1. To see how muscle group III and IV receptors are affected by a myositis, the background activity and mechanical excitability of slowly conducting afferent units from normal and inflamed muscles were studied in chloralose-anesthetized cats. The inflammation was induced by infiltrating the gastrocnemius-soleus muscle with a suspension of 2% carrageenan.(More)
  • S Mense
  • 2000
In the spinal cord, long descending pathways are known to exist which modulate pain sensations by either inhibiting or facilitating the discharges of spinal nociceptive neurones. In this article, the hypothesis is discussed that the pain of fibromyalgia may be due to a dysfunction of these pain-modulating pathways. Theoretically, two kinds of disturbance(More)
The effect of the sodium channel blocking agent tetrodotoxin (TTX) on signal processing in afferent fibres of dorsal roots was tested in Sprague-Dawley rats. TTX applied to the dorsal roots L4-L6 blocked the fast afferent volleys from the sural nerve, which was stimulated electrically with supramaximal strength for A-fibres. Afferent C-fibre compound action(More)
The majority of afferent nerve fibers in mammalian skeletal muscle are thin myelinated (A delta or group III) and unmyelinated (C or group IV) afferents. Some 50% of these units appear to be responsible for the reception of noxious chemical, mechanical, and thermal stimuli, i.e., they are nociceptors. The other receptive units with fine afferent fibers(More)