Siegfried Fittkau

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A new chromogenic substrate and two inhibitors with the common peptide sequence X-Ala-Ala-Phe-Y have been synthesized, and were found to be of higher efficiency as hitherto available customary substrates and inhibitors for thermitase, subtilisin BPN' and alpha-chymotrypsin. The proteolytic coefficient kcat/Km for the hydrolysis of the substrate(More)
The crystal structure of subtilisin DY inhibited by N-benzyloxycarbonyl-Ala-Pro-Phe-chloromethyl ketone has been solved by molecular replacement with subtilisin Carlsberg as the starting model. The model has been refined to a crystallographic R factor (= sigma absolute value [(absolute value Fo) - (absolute value Fc)] / sigma (absolute value of Fo) of 15.1%(More)
The peptide-bond-specificity of bovine spleen cathepsin S in the cleavage of the oxidized insulin B-chain and peptide methylcoumarylamide substrates was investigated and the results are compared with those obtained with rat liver cathepsins L and B. Major cleavage sites in the oxidized insulin B-chain generated by cathepsin S are the bonds Glu13-Ala14,(More)
The crystal structure of a ternary complex of proteinase K, Hg(II) and a hexapeptide N-Ac-Pro-Ala-Pro-Phe-Pro-Ala-NH2 has been determined at 2.2 A resolution and refined to an R factor of 0.172 for 12,910 reflections. The mercury atom occupies two alternate sites, each of which was assigned an occupancy of 0.45. These two sites are bridged by Cys-73 S gamma(More)
The crystal structure of a complex formed by the interaction between proteinase K and a designed octapeptide amide, N-Ac-Pro-Ala-Pro-Phe-DAla-Ala-Ala-Ala-NH2, has been determined at 2.5 A resolution and refined to an R-factor of 16.7% for 7,430 reflections in the resolution range of 8.0-2.50 A. The inhibitor forms a stable complex through a series of(More)
The number of possible subsites of the rat liver cysteine proteinases cathepsin B and cathepsin H was determined in the N-terminal direction from the scissile bond. An elongation of the substrate peptide chain of up to four amino acid residues enhances the hydrolysis rate of both cathepsins. The greatest increase in activity was observed by elongation to(More)
The following amino acid sequence of the tryptic SH-peptide of thermitase, a thermostable serine proteinase from Thermoactinomyces vulgaris, was determined: Val-Val-Gly-Gly-Trp-Asp-Phe-Val-Asp-Asn-Asp-Ser-Thr- Pro-Gln-Asn-Gly-Asn-Gly-64His-Gly-Thr-His-68Cys-Ala- Gly-Ile-Ala-Ala-Ala-Val-Thr-Asn-Asn-Ser-Thr-Gly-Ile- Ala-Gly-Thr-Ala-Pro-Lys. This sequence(More)
Peptide methyl ketones were found to be efficient competitive inhibitors of thermitase while the chloromethyl ketone derivatives in general inhibit the enzyme irreversibly. The affinity increases by elongation of the peptide chain up to four residues indicating an interaction of the ligand with an extended binding site in thermitase. The P1 residue is(More)
Peptide chloromethanes with the general formula dansyl-(Ala)n-Phe-CH2Cl where n = 0, 1, 2, 3 and dansyl fluoride were used to investigate the substrate-binding sites A and B in subtilisins DY and Carlsberg. Kinetic evidence for the introduction of the dansyl group at the subsites S2, S3, S4 and S5 were obtained. Fluorescence experiments showed that the(More)
Peptide substrates of the general structure acetyl-Alan (n = 2-5), acetyl-Pro-Ala-Pro-Phe-Alan-NH2 (n = 0-3), and acetyl-Pro-Ala-Pro-Phe-AA-NH2 (AA = various amino acids) were synthesized and used to investigate the enzyme-substrate interactions of the microbial serine proteases thermitase, subtilisin BPN', and proteinase K on the C-terminal side of the(More)