Siegfried Burggraf

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A novel coccoid, anaerobic, Fe2+-oxidizing archaeum was isolated from a shallow submarine hydrothermal system at Vulcano, Italy. In addition to ferrous iron, H2 and sulfide served as electron donors. NO3 – was used as electron acceptor. In the presence of H2, also S2O3 2– could serve as electron acceptor. The isolate was a neutrophilic hyperthermophile that(More)
From a hydrothermal vent site off the Mexican west coast (20°50′N, 109°06′W) at a depth of 2,600 m, a novel, hyperthermophilic, anaerobic archaeum was isolated. Cells were round to slightly irregular cocci, 1.2–2.5 μm in diameter and were motile by means of a tuft of flagella. The new isolate grew between 60 and 93°C (optimum: 85°C), from pH 3.5 to 9(More)
A novel coccoid-shaped, hyperthermophilic, heterotrophic member of the archaea was isolated from a shallow marine hydrothermal system at Vulcano Island, Italy. The isolate grew between 56 and 90° C with an optimum around 85° C. The pH range for growth was 6.5 to 10.5, with an optimum around 9.0. Polysulfide and elemental sulfur were reduced to H2S. Sulfur(More)
A novel, irregular, coccoid-shaped archaeum was isolated from a hydrothermally heated black smoker wall at the TAG site at the Mid Atlantic Ridge (depth 3650 meters). It grew at between 90°C and 113°C (optimum 106°C) and pH 4.0–6.5 (optimum 5.5) and 1%–4% salt (optimum 1.7%). The organism was a facultatively aerobic obligate chemolithoautotroph gaining(More)
BACKGROUND In real-time PCR assays, the most accurate way to identify false-negative results, e.g., those caused by PCR inhibitors, is to add to samples an internal control that will be coamplified with the target (e.g., pathogen) DNA. Current internal control procedures, however, which usually involve the introduction of a DNA fragment, are complex,(More)
From a shallow marine hydrothermal system at Vulcano (Italy), a new hyperthermophilic member of the Archaea was isolated. The cells are coccoid – shaped and possess up to five flagella. They grow between 56° and 93°C (optimum 85°C) and pH 5.0–9.5 (optimum 9.0). The organism is strictly anaerobic and grows heterotrophically on defined amino acids and complex(More)
BACKGROUND Neonatal screening for steroid 21-hydroxylase (CYP21) deficiency is performed to identify congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). The immunologic assay for 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) has a high rate of false positives. We assessed the potential for increasing the specificity for CAH by use of a second step involving analysis of the CYP21(More)
Internal controls are crucial for reliable detection of pathogens in nucleic acid amplification assays. Without an internal control, a negative amplification result may mean that the sample contains no target or that the reaction failed. We recently described (1) the use of internal controls that consist of internal control oligonucleotides (ICOs) that(More)
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are known to cause cervical dysplasia and cervical carcinoma. We used a 3-step PCR protocol that allows rapid type-specific HPV testing in a routine laboratory setting: HPV-16-positive samples were determined using a specific LightCycler PCR; HPV-16-negative samples were amplified by nested PCR and typed by sequence analysis.(More)