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The mechanism of the translational thermotolerance provided by the small heat shock proteins (sHsps) alphaB-crystallin or Hsp27 is unknown. We show here that Hsp27, but not alphaB-crystallin, increased the pool of mobile stress granule-associated enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-eukaryotic translation initiation factor (eIF)4E in heat-shocked(More)
Addition of human GH (hGH) to primary mouse osteoblasts resulted in rapid and transient induction of the c-fos and c-myc proto-oncogenes and preceded hGH-induced mitogenesis. Human GH-induced c-fos expression was maximal after 30 min, resulting in a 10- to 15-fold increase over unstimulated cells, and returned to prestimulation levels within 60 min of the(More)
Crystallins are bulk structural proteins of the eye lens that have to last a life time. They gradually become modified with age, denature and form light scattering centres. High thermodynamic and kinetic stability of the crystallins enables them to resist unfolding and delay cataract. Here we have made recombinant human betaA1-, betaA3-, and(More)
PURPOSE Extralenticular expression of alpha- and beta-crystallin genes has been demonstrated in mammals and expression of gamma-crystallin genes has been shown in Xenopus laevis. To determine a possible correlation between lens determination and crystallin gene expression, the site of expression of (a member of) the alpha-, beta-, and gamma-crystallin gene(More)
An unexpected feature of the large mammalian genome is the frequent occurrence of closely linked head-to-head gene pairs. Close apposition of such gene pairs has been suggested to be due to sharing of regulatory elements. We show here that the head-to-head gene pair encoding two small heat shock proteins, alphaB-crystallin and HspB2, is closely linked in(More)
Mutations, expected to affect the intracellular routing, i.e. additional nuclear localization sequences (NLS; the natural 23 kDa isoform and a 17D27R mutant) and/or a deletion of amino acids 26-29 (23 delta 26-29 and 17 delta 26-29), were introduced in basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). The mutants were assayed for their mitotic activity and their(More)
The six closely related and clustered rat gamma-crystallin genes, the gammaA- to gammaF-crystallin genes, are simultaneously activated in the embryonic lens but differentially shut down during postnatal development with the gammaB-crystallin gene, the last one to be active. We show here that developmental silencing of the gammaD-crystallin promoter(More)
To determine whether mRNA synthesized during a heat shock is translated at least once in spite of the strong inhibition of translation by heat shock, we used nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) as an assay since NMD requires a round of translation. As NMD substrate we used the human psigammaE-crystallin gene, which contains a premature termination codon, and as(More)
Heat shock results in inhibition of general protein synthesis. In thermotolerant cells, protein synthesis is still rapidly inhibited by heat stress, but protein synthesis recovers faster than in naive heat-shocked cells, a phenomenon known as translational thermotolerance. Here we investigate the effect of overexpressing a single heat shock protein on(More)