Sidney Y Ren

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Metabolic syndrome is a constellation of multiple metabolic risk factors including abdominal obesity, glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hypertension. Over the past decades, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome has increased dramatically, imposing a devastating, pandemic health threat. More importantly, individuals with metabolic(More)
We undertook an investigation of an outbreak of rachitic bone disease in the Emperor Tamarin New World primate colony at the Los Angeles Zoo in the mid-1980s. The disease phenotype resembled that observed in humans with an inactivating mutation of the vitamin D receptor (VDR), hypocalcemia, high 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25-(OH)(2)D) levels, and rickets in(More)
Hypercalcemia in human granuloma-forming diseases like sarcoidosis results from the endogenous overproduction of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25-(OH)2D] by disease-activated tissue macrophages. The recent identification of an immortalized chick myelomonocytic cell line, HD-11, that constitutively expresses a 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) 1-hydroxylation(More)
The cytochrome P450 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1alpha-hydroxylase (CYP27b1) plays a pivotal role in vitamin D physiology by catalyzing synthesis of active 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3]. In common with other P450s, CYP27b1 is known to exhibit alternative splicing. Here we have cloned and sequenced several novel intron 2-containing, noncoding splice(More)
Previously recognized intracellular proteins with an affinity for vitamin D metabolites include the vitamin D receptor and the cytochrome P-450-based vitamin D metabolizing mixed-function oxidases. We recently characterized a third set of high-capacity, intracellular vitamin D binding proteins (IDBPs) in the inducible heat shock protein-70 (hsp-70) family.(More)
To better understand the extrarenal production of active vitamin D metabolites by cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage, we investigated the 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD)-1-hydroxylation reaction in the v-myc-transformed chick myelomonocytic cell line HD-11; the 1-hydroxylation reaction in this cell line has a high affinity for 25-hydroxylated vitamin D(More)
BACKGROUND Adiponectin (APN), an adipose-derived adipokine, alleviates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced injury in multiple organs including hearts although the underlying mechanism in endotoxemia remains elusive. This study was designed to examine the role of adiponectin in LPS-induced cardiac anomalies and inflammation as well as the underlying mechanism(More)
SCOPE The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of fenugreek furostanolic saponins (Fenfuro(TM) ) either alone or in combination with chlorogenic acid (GCB-70(TM) ) on insulin resistance in mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Male C57BL/6J mice were subjected to a normal or high-fat diet (HFD) and were randomly assigned to receive Fenfuro(TM) ,(More)
Cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage are capable of both nitric oxide (NO) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1, 25-(OH)2D] production through expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and a putative 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD)-1-hydroxylase, respectively. We have recently reported that 1,25-(OH)2D synthesis in the chick myelomonocytic cell line(More)
Tissue macrophages from patients with granuloma-forming disease, most notably sarcoidosis, express a 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1-hydroxylase which can produce in vivo sufficient quantities of the active vitamin D metabolite 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D to cause hypercalcemia. In contrast to the NADPH-dependent cytochrome P450-linked mixed function oxidase which is(More)