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Nitric oxide (NO) induces vasodilatatory, antiaggregatory, and antiproliferative effects in vitro. To delineate potential beneficial effects of NO in preventing vascular disease in vivo, we generated transgenic mice overexpressing human erythropoietin. These animals induce polyglobulia known to be associated with a high incidence of vascular disease.(More)
We have completed a genome scan of a 12-generation, 3,400-member pedigree with schizophrenia. Samples from 210 individuals were collected from the pedigree. We performed an "affecteds-only" genome-scan analysis using 43 members of the pedigree. The affected individuals included 29 patients with schizophrenia, 10 with schizoaffective disorders, and 4 with(More)
This study investigated whether endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor, which also stimulates cell proliferation, contributes to endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. Apolipoprotein E (apoE)-deficient mice and C57BL/6 control mice were treated with a Western-type diet to accelerate atherosclerosis with or without ETA receptor antagonist(More)
Given prior evidence that adhesion molecules play critical roles in T cell recognition, it is important to identify new adhesion pathways and explore their role in T cell activation. Our studies of T cell proliferation complement concurrent studies of T cell adhesion; both demonstrate that resting CD4+ human T lymphocytes express the VLA integrins VLA-4,(More)
Lymphocyte migration from blood into tissue depends on integrin-mediated adhesion to endothelium. Adhesion requires not only integrin ligands on the endothelium, but also activation signals because T-cell integrins cannot bind well until they are activated. The physiological 'triggers' for T-cell adhesion are unknown, but cytokines may be good candidates as(More)
Studies of cell-surface molecules involved in human T cell interaction reveal that differential expression of each of three adhesion molecules (LFA-3, CD2, and LFA-1) subdivides human peripheral blood T cells into major subpopulations. Systematic analysis of the relationship between expression of these and other markers of T cell subsets demonstrates a(More)
Leukocyte recruitment from the blood circulation into tissue is essential for effective immune responses, and is, consequently, carefully regulated. In this article Yoshiya Tanaka and co-workers describe a model in which proteoglycans on the luminal surface of endothelium capture pro-adhesive cytokines. These cytokines provide the adhesion-inducing signal(More)
To mediate an immune response, lymphocytes must be able to interact with and respond to the surrounding extracellular environment. In addition to cell surface molecules that facilitate adhesion of lymphocytes to other cells, recent studies have demonstrated that lymphocytes interact with glycoproteins and glycosaminoglycans that are major components of the(More)
Because nitric oxide inhibits the synthesis and vasoconstrictor effect of endothelin-1, the effect of endothelin-1 may be enhanced under conditions of chronic inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis. We studied the effect of chronic therapy with bosentan, a combined endothelin-A/endothelin-B receptor antagonist, on blood pressure and vascular function and(More)
Mutant human B-lymphoblastoid cell lines, 721.174 and 721.180, that have greatly reduced expressions of known class I and class II HLA antigens were produced by two cycles of gamma-ray mutagenesis followed by selection for HLA antigen loss. Residual binding of monoclonal antibodies directed against class II antigens was negligible except for 10% residual(More)