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We have developed a procedure to isolate, from skeletal muscle, enriched terminal cisternae of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), which retain morphologically intact junctional "feet" structures similar to those observed in situ. The fraction is largely devoid of transverse tubule, plasma membrane, mitochondria, triads (transverse tubules junctionally associated(More)
The calcium release channel (CRC) from skeletal muscle is an unusually large tetrameric ion channel of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, and it is a major component of the triad junction, the site of excitation contraction coupling. The three-dimensional architecture of the CRC was determined from a random conical tilt series of images extracted from electron(More)
Ryanodine modulates Ca2+ permeability in isolated terminal cisternae of sarcoplasmic reticulum, suggesting that it is a specific ligand for the calcium release channel. Our laboratory has purified the ryanodine receptor and demonstrated it to be equivalent to the feet structures, which are involved in the junctional association of the transverse tubule with(More)
FK506 binding proteins 12 and 12.6 (FKBP12 and FKBP12.6) are intracellular receptors for the immunosuppressant drug FK506 (ref. 1). The skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RyR1) is isolated as a hetero-oligomer with FKBP12 (ref. 2), whereas the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) more selectively associates with FKBP12.6 (refs 3, 4, 5). FKBP12 modulates Ca2+(More)
This study examined the localization and functional expression of ryanodine receptors (RyR) within the cochlea using a combination of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, immunolabeling techniques, and confocal Ca2+ imaging. All three RyR isoform mRNA transcripts were detected in the adult rat cochlea. Immunoperoxidase and immunofluorescence(More)
The IP3 receptor of aortic smooth muscle, purified to near homogeneity, was incorporated into vesicle derived planar bilayers. The receptor forms channels which are gated by Ins(1,4,5)P3 (0.5 microM) and are permeable to Ca2+ (Ca2+ greater than K+ much greater than Cl-). Channel activation is specific for Ins(1,4,5)P3. Essentially no activation of channel(More)
Using cryo-electron microscopy and single particle image processing techniques, we present the first three-dimensional reconstructions of isoform 3 of the ryanodine receptor/calcium release channel (RyR3). Reconstructions were carried out on images obtained from a purified, detergent-solubilized receptor for two different buffer conditions, which were(More)
The IP3 receptor is involved in Ca2+ mobilization from intracellular stores. Recently, we purified an inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate receptor from rat liver plasma membrane (LPM-IP3R) [Schäfer R. Hell K. Fleischer S. (1993) Purification of an IP3 receptor from liver plasma membrane. Biophys. J. 66, A146]. The purified LPM-IP3 receptor was incorporated into(More)
We have recently described a preparation of junctional terminal cisternae (JTC) from fast skeletal muscle of rabbit hind leg. The fraction differs from other heavy sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) fractions in that it contains a substantial amount of junctional face membrane (JFM) (15-20% of the membrane) with morphologically well-defined junctional feet(More)
1. ATP-mediated Ca2+ signalling was studied in freshly isolated rat portal vein myocytes by means of a laser confocal microscope and the patch-clamp technique. 2. In vascular myocytes held at -60 mV, ATP induced a large inward current that was supported mainly by activation of P2X1 receptors, although other P2X receptor subtypes (P2X3, P2X4 and P2X5) were(More)