Sidney Cywes

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Twenty-eight of 370 patients (14 families) treated for Hirschsprung's disease (HD) over a 34 year period had a family member with histologically proven HD. These 14 represented 4% of the 351 families: more than one affected child per family in 10 (2.8%) and both parent and child in 2 families. Neuronal intestinal dysplasia (NID) in a parent was associated(More)
Controversy persists with regard to the diagnosis and treatment of the acute scrotum in children. The differential diagnosis includes torsion of the testis, torsion of one of the appendices testis and epididymo-orchitis. Clinical differentiation is notoriously difficult and our policy has been to explore the scrotum of all who present with signs of an acute(More)
The subject of malrotation and midgut volvulus in infancy and childhood is reviewed from the perspective of experience with 138 patients evaluated in a published series and a further 82 cases seen since. Embryology, historical aspects, clinical presentation, investigation, surgery, and outcome are discussed. The diagnosis of malrotation and volvulus should(More)
The significance of dysplastic features in the surgical pullthrough segment of bowel in patients with Hirschsprung's disease (HD) has not yet been clarified. The aim of this study was to evaluate prospectively the ganglionated proximal bowel in 26 patients with HD (January 1988 through January 1991). The significance of dysplastic features and their(More)
137 cases of malrotation and midgut volvulus seen over a 28-year period are reviewed to emphasize the patterns of clinical presentation. Although 62% presented as neonates, 20% were over 1 year of age. Vomiting was the sympton of paramount importance in 97% but was not initially bile-stained in 20%. Sixteen percent had diarrhea as a major symptom. Abdominal(More)
One hundred seventy-eight of 330 patients were recalled after undergoing surgery for histologically proven Hirschsprung's disease (HD). One hundred fifteen were older than 4 years at interview (Mean age, 10 years). This sample appeared to be representative of the whole in terms of demographic features such as ethnic group, sex, length of aganglionic(More)
Primary pancreatic hydatid disease is rare. The diagnosis may be difficult when the presentation is that of an unexplained epigastric mass, despite suggestive radiological and ultrasonic features. We describe a 12-year-old girl in whom the definitive diagnosis was only made at repeat operation, when appropriate surgical therapy was effected.
Iatrogenic esophageal perforations in children are rare. To evaluate patterns of injury, clinical presentation, and treatment options for such patients, the authors reviewed the case records of 11 children who had sustained transmural injury to the esophagus during a dilatation procedure at their institution between 1967 and 1994. Strictures requiring(More)
Diarrhea is an expected problem following Martin's operation. Its cause is obvious. With medical management, the phase of intolerance to enteral feeding can be bridged. Adaptation is usually reached within 3-6 mo of surgery. This is confirmed by our experience with five patients treated in this manner. In two further patients, episodic bouts of diarrhea(More)
A total of 124 children aged less than 14 years with a liver abscess were seen in a 16-year period (1974-1990) and treated by non-operative initial management. Of the abscesses 98 occurred in the right liver and 26 in the left. The abscesses were solitary in 93 patients. Overall, 77 of the solitary and 21 of the multiple abscesses were confined to the right(More)