Siddhihalu W A Himaya

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A pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD), aggregation and deposition of amyloid-β peptides, has been recognized as a potent activator of microglia-mediated neuroinflammation and neuronal dysfunction. Therefore, downregulation of microglial activation has a significant therapeutic demand. In this study, focus was given to evaluate the ability of(More)
Triterpenoids are the most abundant secondary metabolites present in marine organisms, such as marine sponges, sea cucumbers, marine algae and marine-derived fungi. A large number of triterpenoids are known to exhibit cytotoxicity against a variety of tumor cells, as well as anticancer efficacy in preclinical animal models. In this review efforts have been(More)
As a continuation of our research on chitooligosaccharides (COS), this study focused on the protective effect of COS of various molecular weights (1–3, 3–5, and 5–10 kDa) on cellular damage caused by ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced oxidative stress in human dermal fibroblast cells. The results show that the protective effect of COS on UVB-stressed human(More)
Most venomous predators have evolved complex venom primarily to immobilize their prey and secondarily to defend against predators. In a new paradigm, carnivorous marine gastropods of the genus Conus were shown to rapidly and reversibly switch between two types of venoms in response to predatory or defensive stimulus, suggesting that the defensive use of(More)
Two new peptides derived from seaweed pipefish Syngnathus schlegeli, SPP-1(QLGNLGV) and SPP-2 (SVMPVVA) were assessed for their ability to prevent hydrogen peroxide induced oxidative stress in human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs). Both peptides showed a significant hydroxyl radical scavenging activity when tested by ESR technique. And also the peptides(More)
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