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The amiloride-insensitive salt taste receptor is the predominant transducer of salt taste in some mammalian species, including humans. The physiological, pharmacological and biochemical properties of the amiloride-insensitive salt taste receptor were investigated by RT-PCR, by the measurement of unilateral apical Na+ fluxes in polarized rat fungiform taste(More)
Uridine-diphosphoglucuronate glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are a family of enzymes that conjugate various endogenous and exogenous compounds with glucuronic acid and facilitate their excretion in the bile. Bilirubin-UGT(1) (UGT1A1) is the only isoform that significantly contributes to the conjugation of bilirubin. Lesions in the gene encoding(More)
Surfactant accumulates in alveolar macrophages of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) knockout (KO) mice and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) patients with a functional loss of GM-CSF resulting from neutralizing anti-GM-CSF antibody. Alveolar macrophages from PAP patients and GM-CSF KO mice are de-ficient in peroxisome(More)
Genetic lesions of bilirubin-uridine-diphosphoglucuronate glucuronosyltransferase-1 (UGT1A1) completely or partially abolish hepatic bilirubin glucuronidation, causing Crigler-Najjar syndrome type 1 or 2, respectively. Clinical observations indicate that some mutant forms of human UGT1A1 (hUGT1A1) may be dominant-negative, suggesting their interaction with(More)
Accumulation of cholesteryl esters (CEs) in macrophage foam cells, central to atherosclerotic plaque formation, occurs as a result of imbalance between the cholesterol influx and efflux pathways. While the uptake, or influx, of modified lipoproteins is largely unregulated, extracellular acceptor-mediated free cholesterol (FC) efflux is rate limited by the(More)
The sensitive technique of RT-PCR was used to identify cholesteryl ester hydrolase (CEH) expressed in human macrophages. This enzyme is thought to regulate the availability of intracellular free cholesterol for efflux. The expected 667-bp product was obtained starting with RNA from human peripheral blood and THP-1 monocytes and macrophages. The cDNA for(More)
Bilirubin glucuronidation, catalysed by UGT1A1 [UGT (UDP glucuronosyltransferase) isoform 1A1, EC], is critical for biliary elimination of bilirubin. UGT1A1 deficiency causes CN-1 (Crigler-Najjar syndrome type 1), which is characterized by potentially lethal unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia. Nucleotide sequence analysis of UGT1A1 in two CN-1(More)
Many applications of gene delivery require long-term transgene expression. In dividing cells, this result necessitates vector genome persistence, usually by integrating into cellular DNA. Since recombinant gene delivery vectors derived from tag-deleted, replication-incompetent simian virus-40 (SV40) provide for long-term transgene expression in resting and(More)
The liver regulates cholesterol homeostasis and eliminates excess cholesterol as bile acids or biliary cholesterol. Free cholesterol for bile acid synthesis or biliary secretion is obtained by the hydrolysis of stored cholesteryl esters or from cholesteryl esters taken up by the liver from high-density lipoproteins via a selective uptake pathway. The(More)