Siddharth Singhvi

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Pravastatin sodium, a competitive inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, is a new orally effective hypocholesterolaemic agent. In a two-way crossover study, eight healthy male subjects each received an intravenous and an oral dose of [14C]-pravastatin sodium. The oral absorption of [14C] activity from pravastatin sodium was about 34% and the oral bioavailability(More)
1 Fosinopril sodium is the first phosphorus-containing angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor to be studied clinically as an antihypertensive agent. It is an ester prodrug that is hydrolysed in vivo to the active diacid ACE inhibitor, SQ 27, 519. 2 In a three-way crossover study, nine healthy male subjects (age range 20-34 years) each received an(More)
Pravastatin sodium (PV) is a potent cholesterol-lowering agent that acts by inhibiting 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase. Biotransformation profiles of PV in pooled human urine, plasma, and feces from healthy male volunteers given single 19.2-mg oral or 9.9-mg iv doses of [14C]PV were determined by HPLC. The predominant drug-related component(More)
The disposition of captopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor with antihypertensive properties, was studied in 10 normal male subjects after a single 100-mg tablet of 35S-labeled drug. Average absorption parameters for unchanged captopril in blood were Tmax 0.93 +/- 0.08 hr and Cmax 800 +/- 76 ng/ml. For total radioactivity in blood the values(More)
By inhibiting ACE, captopril blocks the conversion of AI or AII and augments the effects of bradykinin both in vitro and in vivo. In rats, dogs, and monkeys with 2-kidney renal hypertension, orally administered captopril rapidly and markedly reduces blood pressure; this antihypertensive effect apparently occurs via a renin-dependent mechanism; that is, the(More)
The pharmacokinetic characteristics of intravenously-administered captopril were investigated in 7 healthy men 20 to 33 years old. Capropril, labeled with14C, was given by injection over a 1 min period at mean doses of 2.78 mg (13.8 µCi), 5.67 mg (28.2 µCi) and 11.4 mg (56.8 µCi). Concentrations of unchanged captopril, captopril disulfide, and other(More)
To support the increasing use of intravenous β-blockers during cardiovascular emergency and surgery, dose proportionality of pharmacokinetics of nadolol was evaluated after intravenous administration of 14C-nadolol at doses of 1, 2 and 4 mg to nine healthy volunteers. There were no observed differences in the excretion or the pharmacokinetics of nadolol(More)
Using in situ hybridisation, the effects of acute and chronic diazepam administration and diazepam withdrawal on preprocholecystokinin (CCK) mRNA levels in discrete regions of rat brain were determined. In cerebral cortex and a subpopulation of hippocampal neurones, CCK mRNA levels were increased after a single injection of diazepam and 24 h after(More)
14C-Captopril was administered as 100-mg tablets to 12 subjects in a two-way crossover study in which subjects were either fasted or were given a standard meal immediately prior to dosing. Based on blood level and urinary excretion data, both the absorption of total radioactivity and the bioavailability of captopril were decreased approximately 35 to 40 per(More)
Captopril kinetics were determined after a 100-mg oral dose of 14C-captopril in 21 patients with various degrees of renal impairment. Elimination kinetics of captopril were evaluated by model-independent methods. The body clearance (ClB) of captopril decreased steadily with decreasing creatinine clearance (ClCr) from 5.2 ml/min/kg for mild renal failure(More)