Siddharth G. Adhvaryu

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BACKGROUND Cytogenetic studies, framed to assess the possible genomic damage caused by areca nut consumption (without tobacco and not as a component of betel quid), were performed among areca nut chewers, which included normal people who chew areca nuts, patients with oral submucous fibrosis, and patients with oral cancer, and healthy nonchewing controls.(More)
The genotoxic potential of the aqueous extract of areca nut as well as arecoline, the major alkaloid of the areca nut, was tested with the help of cytogenetic markers such as sister-chromatid exchanges and chromosome aberrations, utilizing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. The continuous-treatment and pulse-treatment schedules yielded dose-dependent(More)
Oral submucous fibrosis (SMF) is an insidious, chronic fibrotic change affecting any part of the oral mucosa (Pindborg & Sirsat, 1966). Although the exact aetiological factors responsible for such a change are not known, chewing tobacco, betel nut and slaked lime, either alone or wrapped in betel leaf (Piper betel L.), is a predominant habit among the SMF(More)
Genotoxicity of nicotine was evaluated employing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Two cytogenetic endpoints, viz. frequency of sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and chromosome aberration (CA) were considered. Nicotine was found to induce CA and SCE frequency in a dose and duration dependent manner. Statistically significant elevations in CA frequency were(More)
Frequencies of micronucleated cells (MNCs) were analyzed in the exfoliated buccal mucosa of normal healthy individuals from different parts of India who were regularly using either areca nut alone, mava, tamol, tobacco with lime, dry snuff or masheri. The analyses were also carried out among oral submucous fibrosis patients who had the habit of chewing(More)
The antigenotoxic effect of the aqueous extract of betel leaf (BL-ext.) against the pan masala was tested with the help of cytogenetic endpoints like chromosome aberration (CA) and sister chromatid exchange (SCE) utilizing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Compared to the cultures treated with aqueous extract of pan masala alone, a reduction in CA and SCE(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA) deregulation contributes to cancer pathogenesis. However, analysis of miRNAs in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) has been hindered by a focus on cell lines, limited number of miRNAs examined, and lack of copy number data. To address these restrictions, we investigated genomewide miRNA expression and copy number data in 86 DLBCLs.(More)
Serum levels of total sialic acid (TSA), lipid bound sialic acid (LSA), heat stable alkaline phosphatase (HSAP) and fucose were measured in 39 patients with breast carcinoma, 14 patients with benign breast diseases and 35 healthy female individuals. Elevated levels of the four biomarkers in breast carcinoma were significant when compared with controls (p(More)
Smokeless tobacco consumption is causally associated with oral cavity cancers; however, extensive cytogenetic studies have not been done. In the present study, individuals consuming dry snuff or tobacco with lime have been studied for frequency of micronucleated cells (MNC) in exfoliated buccal mucosa and chromosome aberrations (CA) and sister chromatid(More)
Pan masala (PM), a dried powdered mixture containing ingredients like areca nut, catechu, lime, cardamom and flavouring agents, is consumed abundantly by Indians and is also exported to Western countries. Pan masala with tobacco (PM-T) is also available on the market. In view of the role of the ingredients of PM in the causation of oral diseases, the(More)