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1. We have determined the binding characteristics of [(125)I]-(Pyr(1))Apelin-13, a putative ligand for the APJ orphan receptor in human cardiovascular and rat tissue and investigated the functional properties of (Pyr(1))Apelin-13 in human saphenous vein. 2. The binding of [(125)I]-(Pyr(1))Apelin-13 to sections of human heart tissue was time dependent and(More)
1. Ghrelin is the recently identified endogenous ligand for the cloned growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). We have characterized for the first time the binding of human [125I-His(9)]-ghrelin to normal human and rat tissue and demonstrated expression of this 'orphan' receptor that has previously been predicted to exist from mRNA. Furthermore, we(More)
Despite current drug therapies, including those that target enzymes, channels and known G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), cardiovascular disease remains the major cause of ill health, which suggests that other transmitter systems might be involved in this disease. In humans, approximately 175 genes have been predicted to encode 'orphan' GPCRs, where the(More)
AIMS Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are key enzymes controlling cAMP and cGMP levels and spatial distribution within cardiomyocytes. Despite the clinical importance of several classes of PDE inhibitor there has not been a complete characterization of the PDE profile within the human cardiomyocyte, and no attempt to assess which species might best be used to(More)
1. The aim of this study was to establish how thromboxane receptors (TP) respond to the increase in levels of plasma thromboxane observed in both cardiac (cardiomyopathy, ischaemic heart disease and pulmonary hypertension) and vascular disease (atherosclerosis of coronary artery disease and accelerated atherosclerosis of saphenous vein grafts). 2. The(More)
Endothelin (ET)-1 and thromboxane (Tx) levels are increased in human atherosclerosis. One of the aims of this study was to understand how receptors for a peptide mediator (ET-1) with a long physiological half life, would differ from a lipid mediator (TxA(2)), with a short physiological half life, in human coronary artery disease (CAD). Secondly, to(More)
Using novel synthetic radioligands, we have discovered receptors for the recently paired apelin (APJ orphan receptor), ghrelin (GHS orphan receptor), and urotensin II (orphan GPR14) in the human cardiovascular system and determined their anatomical localisation. In addition, we have established functional vasoactive properties for these three peptides as(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The P2X7 receptor is implicated in inflammation and pain and is therefore a potential target for therapeutic intervention. Here, the development of a native tissue radioligand binding, localization and ex vivo occupancy assay for centrally penetrant P2X7 receptor antagonists is described. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Autoradiography(More)
The present study describes the optimisation of an autoradiography assay that provides a means to measure the in vitro potency of melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 (MCH(1)) antagonists in native tissues and their ex vivo receptor occupancy. Initial localisation studies demonstrated that the MCH(1) receptor radioligand [(125)I]-S36057 bound to rat(More)
We investigated the binding characteristics of angiotensin receptors and used this assay to determine the predominant enzyme capable of converting angiotensin I in the human left ventricle. In homogenates of human left ventricle, (125)I-[Sar(1),Ile(8)]angiotensin II bound with sub-nanomolar affinity, with a corresponding K(D) of 0.42+/-0.09 nM, a B(max) of(More)