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Androgenetic alopecia (AGA), or male-pattern baldness, is the most common form of hair loss. Its pathogenesis is androgen dependent, and genetic predisposition is the major requirement for the phenotype. We demonstrate that genetic variability in the androgen receptor gene (AR) is the cardinal prerequisite for the development of early-onset AGA, with an(More)
Immune-complex-mediated injury is thought to play a role in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, serum sickness, various infectious diseases, and malignancies. With increased appreciation of the biological and pathological significance of circulating immune complexes has come efforts to develop appropriate techniques for(More)
Accurate and reproducible measurement of M-proteins is essential for managing patients with monocional gammopathies, but serum protein electrophoresis, radial immunodiffusion, and electroimmunodiffusion yield comparatively divergent results. We have studied these differences and their causes. Sera from cases of IgG-monoclonal gammopathy, IgA-monoclonal(More)
These studies were designed and coordinated to evaluate specific aspects of man's immunologic and hematologic systems which might be altered by or respond to the space flight environment. The biochemical functions investigated included cytogenetic damage to blood cells, immune resistance to disease, regulation of plasma and red cell volumes, metabolic(More)
BACKGROUND Familial aggregation of alopecia areata (AA) has been previously described, but systematic studies with information obtained directly from family members have yet to be undertaken. OBJECTIVE We sought to study the pattern of familial aggregation of AA by assessing the affection status of patients' relatives. The study included 206 index(More)
Thymosin, a thymic hormone, restores decreased cellular immunity under various experimental conditions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of thymosin on the E-rosette-forming capacity in cancer patients. Peripheral blood lymphocytes obtained from eight patients with various malignant neoplasms were examined. One of these patients received(More)
Asymptomatic forms of monoclonal gammopathies (MG) are recognized with increasing frequency; their recognition and differentiation from the symptomatic forms of MG appear imperative, since the therapeutic approaches are different. Available clinical and laboratory indexes lack specificity required for useful and practical discrimination; presently, we must(More)