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OBJECTIVES To evaluate BR55, a new VEGFR2-specific ultrasound contrast agent, for imaging prostate tumors in an orthotopic model in the rat. MATERIALS AND METHODS Rat prostate adenocarcinoma were established by injection of G Dunning R-3327 tumor cells in one lobe of the prostate of Copenhagen rats. Imaging experiments were performed with BR55, SonoVue,(More)
Human CD21 has been described as a receptor for the C3d,g and iC3b proteins of complement, for the Epstein-Barr virus, and also for IFN-alpha. We reported recently that CD23, a low affinity receptor for IgE (Fc epsilon R2), is a new functional ligand for CD21. To determine the site of interaction of CD23 on CD21, we analyzed the ability of purified(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Molecular imaging of therapeutic interventions with targeted agents that simultaneously carry drugs or genes for local delivery is appealing. We investigated the ability of a novel microbubble carrier (immunobubble) for abciximab, a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitor, for ultrasonographic molecular imaging of human clots. (More)
The molecule CD23, a low-affinity receptor for IgE (Fc epsilon R2), is a type II transmembrane molecule expressed on many haemopoietic cell types. CD23 has pleiotropic roles in the control of lymphocyte behaviour, suggesting that CD23 may interact with another ligand in addition to IgE. To identify such a CD23 ligand, we expressed and purified full-length(More)
OBJECTIVES BR55, an ultrasound contrast agent functionalized with a heterodimer peptide targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), was evaluated in vitro and in vivo, demonstrating its potential for specific tumor detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS The targeted contrast agent was prepared by incorporation of a biospecific(More)
To characterise clinically translatable long-circulating (BR38) and VEGFR2-targeted (BR55) microbubbles (MB) and to assess their ability to discriminate breast cancer models with different aggressiveness. The circulation characteristics of BR38 and BR55 were investigated in healthy mice. The relative blood volume (rBV) of MDA-MB-231 (n = 5) or MCF-7 (n = 6)(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the ability of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor type 2 (VEGFR2)-targeted ultrasonographic (US) microbubbles for the assessment of liver dysplasia in transgenic mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS Animal experiments were approved by the governmental review committee. Nuclear factor-κB essential modulator knock-out mice with liver(More)
Tumour xenografts of well-discernible sizes can be examined well by molecular ultrasound. Here, we investigated whether very early breast carcinomas express sufficient levels of VEGFR2 for reliable molecular ultrasound imaging with targeted microbubbles. MCF-7 breast cancer xenografts were orthotopically implanted in nude mice (n = 26). Tumours measuring(More)
The transition of a targeted ultrasound contrast agent from animal imaging to testing in clinical studies requires considerable chemical development. The nature of the construct changes from an agent that is chemically attached to microbubbles to one where the targeting group is coupled to a phospholipid, for direct incorporation to the bubble surface. We(More)
We describe the preparation of the modified chelator aminooxyacetyl-ferrioxamine, and the replacement of its iron atom by 67Ga at high specific activity. The aminooxy function of this compound was allowed to react with the aldehyde groups generated by the periodate oxidation of the oligosaccharide of a mouse IgG1 monoclonal antibody (MAb) directed against(More)