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BCG therapy remains at the forefront of immunotherapy for treating patients with superficial bladder cancer. The high incidence of local side effects and the presence of non-responder diseases have led to efforts to improve the therapy. Hence, we proposed that an auxotrophic recombinant BCG strain overexpressing Ag85B (BCG ∆leuD/Ag85B), could enhance the(More)
Mycobacterium bovis BCG has the potential to be an effective live vector for multivalent vaccines. However, most mycobacterial cloning vectors rely on antibiotic resistance genes as selectable markers, which would be undesirable in any practical vaccine. Here we report the use of auxotrophic complementation as a selectable marker that would be suitable for(More)
The Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis that has been broadly used as a vaccine against human tuberculosis. This live bacterial vaccine is able to establish a persistent infection and induces both cellular and humoral immune responses. The development of mycobacterial genetic systems to express foreign antigens and(More)
Neosporosis is of alarming economic concern in the cattle industry. The effectiveness of diagnostic tests for detecting specific antibodies against Neospora caninum is hampered by potential cross-reaction with other coccidia. Use of a single specific antigen might improve test specificity. An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed(More)
Neospora caninum is considerd a major cause of abortion in cattle worldwide. The antigenic domain of NcSRS2 in N. caninum is an important surface antigen present in the membrane of this parasite. In the present study, the Pichia pastoris expression system proved to be a useful tool for the production of recombinant protein. The truncated NcSRS2 gene (by(More)
Neosporosis is a disease caused by the apicomplexan parasite Neospora caninum, which is closely related to Toxoplasma gondii. N. caninum infection represents an important cause of reproductive failure in sheep, goats, horses, and cattle worldwide. The diagnosis of neosporosis is based on the detection of pathogen-specific antibodies in animal sera or the(More)
Genotyping tools have been widely used to study the occurrence of outbreaks and to identify the patterns of transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains. The clonal diversity of 65 clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis was determined by PCR methods. The Double Repeat Element method (DRE-PCR) and spoligotyping identified 45 and 26 distinct patterns(More)
One hundred and seventy Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates were characterized by spoligotyping to evaluate the biodiversity of tubercle bacilli in a region of Brazil with a high incidence of tuberculosis (Pelotas and Rio Grande cities - Rio Grande do Sul State). The spoligotyping results were compared to the World Spoligotyping Database (Institut(More)
The tuberculin purified protein derivative (PPD) is a widely used diagnostic antigen for tuberculosis, however it is poorly defined. Most mycobacterial proteins are extensively denatured by the procedure employed in its preparation, which explains previous difficulties in identifying constituents from PPD to characterize their behaviour in B- and T-cell(More)
Mycobacterium bovis BCG has been proposed as an effective live vector for multivalent vaccines. The development of mycobacterial genetic systems to express foreign antigens and the adjuvanticity of BCG are the basis for the potential use of this attenuated mycobacterium as a recombinant vaccine vector. Stable plasmid vectors without antibiotic resistance(More)