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BCG therapy remains at the forefront of immunotherapy for treating patients with superficial bladder cancer. The high incidence of local side effects and the presence of non-responder diseases have led to efforts to improve the therapy. Hence, we proposed that an auxotrophic recombinant BCG strain overexpressing Ag85B (BCG ∆leuD/Ag85B), could enhance the(More)
Mycobacterium bovis BCG has the potential to be an effective live vector for multivalent vaccines. However, most mycobacterial cloning vectors rely on antibiotic resistance genes as selectable markers, which would be undesirable in any practical vaccine. Here we report the use of auxotrophic complementation as a selectable marker that would be suitable for(More)
The Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis that has been broadly used as a vaccine against human tuberculosis. This live bacterial vaccine is able to establish a persistent infection and induces both cellular and humoral immune responses. The development of mycobacterial genetic systems to express foreign antigens and(More)
One hundred and seventy Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates were characterized by spoligotyping to evaluate the biodiversity of tubercle bacilli in a region of Brazil with a high incidence of tuberculosis (Pelotas and Rio Grande cities - Rio Grande do Sul State). The spoligotyping results were compared to the World Spoligotyping Database (Institut(More)
Mycobacterium bovis BCG has been proposed as an effective live vector for multivalent vaccines. The development of mycobacterial genetic systems to express foreign antigens and the adjuvanticity of BCG are the basis for the potential use of this attenuated mycobacterium as a recombinant vaccine vector. Stable plasmid vectors without antibiotic resistance(More)
Bacillus sphaericus produces a two-chain binary toxin composed of BinA (42 kDa) and BinB (51 kDa), which are deposited as parasporal crystals during sporulation. The toxin is highly active against Culex larvae and Aedes and Anopheles mosquitoes, which are the principal vectors for the transmission of malaria, yellow fever, encephalitis, and dengue. The use(More)
Neosporosis is of alarming economic concern in the cattle industry. The effectiveness of diagnostic tests for detecting specific antibodies against Neospora caninum is hampered by potential cross-reaction with other coccidia. Use of a single specific antigen might improve test specificity. An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed(More)
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, the primary pathogen of enzootic pneumonia, is highly prevalent worldwide and causes major economic losses to the pig industry. Commercial vaccines are widely used in the control of this disease, however, they provide only partial protection. The aim of this study was to evaluate 34 recombinant proteins of M. hyopneumoniae(More)
Genotyping tools have been widely used to study the occurrence of outbreaks and to identify the patterns of transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains. The clonal diversity of 65 clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis was determined by PCR methods. The Double Repeat Element method (DRE-PCR) and spoligotyping identified 45 and 26 distinct patterns(More)
Neospora caninum is considerd a major cause of abortion in cattle worldwide. The antigenic domain of NcSRS2 in N. caninum is an important surface antigen present in the membrane of this parasite. In the present study, the Pichia pastoris expression system proved to be a useful tool for the production of recombinant protein. The truncated NcSRS2 gene (by(More)