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Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is the most common neurogenetic disorder, affecting approximately 1 in 3,500 individuals worldwide. Mutations of the NF1 tumor suppressor gene predispose individuals to a variety of benign and malignant tumors. Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is an uncommon malignant soft tissue sarcoma and is also a rare tumor type in NF1 patients. We(More)
AIMS Recent studies demonstrated some differences in urinary electrolytes of enuretic children. Intrarenal nitric oxide (NO) serves as a major regulator of renal sodium and water excretion like an endogenous diuretic. This study aimed to investigate endothelial (eNOS), and neuronal (nNOS) NO synthase gene polymorphisms in children with primary nocturnal(More)
Neurofibromatosis 1 is an autosomal dominant disorder. Noonan's syndrome is known to be associated with neurofibromatoses. Patients with neurofibromatosis are predisposed to developing malignant tumors. The relationship between the genetic changes in the neurofibromin gene and mechanisms associated with tumor development in neurofibromatosis has been(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is one of the most common autosomal dominant disorders. NF1 is clinically characterized by neurofibromas, pigmentation anomalies, and an increased risk of malignant tumors. The NF1 gene product, neurofibromin, has a GTPase-activating protein domain (GRD) that interacts with the Ras protein, which is crucial in regulating(More)
Cannabis stimulates dopamine release and activates dopaminergic reward neurons in central pathways that lead to enhanced dependence. Catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) inactivates amplified extraneuronally released dopamine. A functional polymorphism (COMT Val158Met) resulting in increased enzyme activity has been associated with polysubstance abuse and(More)
Segmental neurofibromatosis is considered to be the result of postzygotic NF1 gene mutations. We present a family in which the proband has generalized neurofibromatosis 1, whereas members of previous generations manifest segmental skin lesions. All, including the clinically asymptomatic grandmother, carry the same haplotype. This is the only case in the(More)
Triple A syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by alacrima, achalasia, and adrenal insufficiency. Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder manifested primarily by diminished lacrimal and salivary gland secretions, resulting in symptoms of dry eyes and dry mouth, the so-called "sicca complex". However, a variety of(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a common autosomal dominant disorder characterized by multiple neurofibromas, café-au-lait spots, and Lisch nodules of iris. The NF1 gene is located on chromosome 17q11.2 and encodes an 11-13 kb mRNA containing 60 exons. The NF1 gene product neurofibromin is a large protein of 2818 amino acids which acts as a negative(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an autosomal-dominant disorder affecting approximately 1 in 3500 births. It is characterized by café-au-lait spots, neurofibromas, axillary/inguinal freckling, and skeletal and neurologic signs. It exhibits full penetrance and a high mutation rate: 50% of neurofibromatosis type 1 patients represent a new mutation. The gene,(More)
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