Learn More
A recombinant mesogenic NDV strain, Beaudette C, and an engineered recombinant NDV expressing an additional gene were generated entirely from cloned cDNAs. For this purpose, a full-length cDNA clone of the virus genome, represented in eight different subgenomic fragments, was assembled in a transcription plasmid between a T7 RNA polymerase promoter and a(More)
The hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) protein of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an important determinant of its virulence. We investigated the role of each of the four functional N-linked glycosylation sites (G1 to G4) of the HN glycoprotein of NDV on its pathogenicity. The N-linked glycosylation sites G1 to G4 at residues 119, 341, 433, and 481,(More)
The nucleotide sequences of the F and M2 mRNAs of strain A51908 of bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) were determined by sequencing cDNA of an intracellular dicistronic mRNA. Comparison of the F mRNA sequence with those of other BRSV strains showed that there was extensive sequence identity at both the nucleotide (95% identity) and amino acid (94%(More)
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) causes a highly contagious and economically important disease in poultry. Viral determinants of NDV virulence are not completely understood. The amino acid sequence at the protease cleavage site of the fusion (F) protein has been postulated as a major determinant of NDV virulence. In this study, we have examined the role of F(More)
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) edits its P gene by inserting one or two G residues at the conserved editing site (UUUUUCCC, genome sense) and transcribes the P mRNA (unedited), the V mRNA (with a +1 frameshift), and the W mRNA (with a +2 frameshift). All three proteins are amino coterminal but vary at their carboxyl terminus in length and amino acid(More)
A previous report showed that insertion of a foreign gene encoding chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) between the HN and L genes of the full-length cDNA of a virulent Newcastle disease virus (NDV) yielded virus with growth retardation and attenuation. The NDV vector used in that study was pathogenic to chickens; it is therefore not suitable for use as(More)
Aquareovirus, a member of the family Reoviridae, is a large virus with multiple capsid layers surrounding a genome composed of 11 segments of double-stranded RNA. Biochemical studies have shown that treatment with the proteolytic agent trypsin significantly alters the infectivity of the virus. The most infectious stage of the virus is produced by a 5-min(More)
Veterinary vaccines remained conventional for more than fifty years. Recent advances in the recombinant genetic engineering techniques brought forward a leap in designing vaccines for veterinary use. A novel approach of delivering protective immunogens of many different pathogens in a single virus vector was made possible with the introduction of a "reverse(More)
Three aquareovirus strains isolated from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus), geoduck clams (Panope abrupta) and herring (Clupea harengus) in North America and Asia were examined by RNA-RNA blot hybridization to determine their genogroup. The isolates from clams and herring were identified as members of genogroup A, but the isolate from grass carp did not(More)
The hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) protein of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) plays a crucial role in the process of infection. However, the exact contribution of the HN gene to NDV pathogenesis is not known. In this study, the role of the HN gene in NDV virulence was examined. By use of reverse genetics procedures, the HN genes of a virulent recombinant(More)