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OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of population tobacco control interventions on social inequalities in smoking. DATA SOURCES Medical, nursing, psychological, social science and grey literature databases, bibliographies, hand-searches and contact with authors. STUDY SELECTION Studies were included (n = 84) if they reported the effects of any(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of psychosocial risk factors on population health and health inequalities has featured prominently in epidemiological research literature as well as public health policy strategies. We have conducted a meta-review (a review of reviews) exploring how psychosocial factors may relate to population health in home and community settings.(More)
BACKGROUND One attraction of meta-analysis is the forest plot, a compact overview of the essential data included in a systematic review and the overall 'result'. However, meta-analysis is not always suitable for synthesising evidence about the effects of interventions which may influence the wider determinants of health. As part of a systematic review of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of major multi-sport events on health and socioeconomic determinants of health in the population of the city hosting the event. DESIGN Systematic review. DATA SOURCES We searched the following sources without language restrictions for papers published between 1978 and 2008: Applied Social Science Index and Abstracts(More)
BACKGROUND With smoking increasingly confined to lower socio-economic groups, the tobacco control community has been urged to identify which population-level tobacco control interventions work in order to help tackle smoking-related health inequalities. Systematic reviews have a crucial role to play in this task. This overview was therefore carried out in(More)
BACKGROUND Many children with type 1 diabetes have poor glycaemic control. Since the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) showed that tighter control reduces complication rates, there has been more emphasis on intensified insulin therapy. We know that patients and families are afraid of hypoglycaemia. We hypothesised that fear of hypoglycaemia(More)
OBJECTIVES To review systematically the randomised controlled trial (RCT) evidence for treatment of macular oedema due to central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). DATA SOURCES MEDLINE, EMBASE, CDSR, DARE, HTA, NHSEED, CENTRAL and meeting abstracts (January 2005 to March 2013). STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS RCTs with at least(More)
The assumption that improving housing conditions can lead to improved health may seem a self-evident hypothesis. Yet evidence from intervention studies suggests small or unclear health improvements, indicating that further thought is required to refine this hypothesis. Articulation of a theory can help avoid a black box approach to research and practice and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to understand relations between cognitive and affective self-evaluations about the body for adolescent girls in the context of their diverse experiences of the body. METHOD The project involved adolescent girls (N = 141), including underweight to overweight schoolgirls, and hospitalized girls with anorexia nervosa (AN).(More)
Visual display of reported impacts is a valuable aid to both reviewers and readers of systematic reviews. Forest plots are routinely prepared to report standardised effect sizes, but where standardised effect sizes are not available for all included studies a forest plot may misrepresent the available evidence. Tabulated data summaries to accompany the(More)