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Current knowledge of the microbial communities within biological wastewater treatment reactors is incomplete due to limitations of traditional culture-based techniques and despite the emergence of recently applied molecular techniques. Here we demonstrate the application of high-density microarrays targeting universal 16S rRNA genes to evaluate microbial(More)
The effect of solids retention time on reactor performance and microbial community composition in anoxic/aerobic membrane bioreactors (A/O-MBR) were investigated in this study. Experimental results showed high removal efficiencies of conventional pollutants. Antibiotics removal efficiencies were obviously affected by SRT changes. Longer SRT (above 30days)(More)
Microbial flocculant (MBF) TJ-F1 with high flocculating activity was investigated to be used as a novel conditioner for the enhanced dewaterability of the waste sludge from wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). The experimental results showed that TJ-F1 was better than poly(acrylamide [2-(Methacryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethylammonium chloride) (P(AM-DMC)), the most(More)
Ultrasound was uniquely applied to promote the extraction of cheap microbial flocculant (MBF) from waste activated sludge (WAS) of municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Various influencing factors, including ultrasonic conditions (frequency, power density and treatment time) and WAS features (pH, concentration and source), were systematically(More)
A conductometric biosensor for phosphate detection was developed using maltose phosphorylase (MP) from recombinant Escherichia coli immobilized on a planar interdigitated electrode by cross-linking with saturated glutaraldehyde (GA) vapour in the presence of bovine serum albumin (BSA). The process parameters for the fabrication of the mono-enzymatic sensor(More)
The flocculating activity of a novel bioflocculant MMF1 produced by multiple-microorganism consortia MM1 was investigated. MM1 was composed of strain BAFRT4 identified as Staphylococcus sp. and strain CYGS1 identified as Pseudomonas sp. The flocculating activity of MMF1 isolated from the screening medium was 82.9%, which is remarkably higher than that of(More)
Bathing wastewater was treated by a pilot-scale submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR) for more than 60 days. The results showed that the removal rates of main pollutants of wastewater such as COD(Cr), LAS, NH(4)(+)-N and total nitrogen (TN) were above 93%, 99%, 99%, and 90%, respectively. The results of denaturing gel gradient electrophoresis (DGGE) and(More)
The characterization and the flocculation mechanism of microbial flocculant TJ-F1 with high flocculating activity, produced by Proteus mirabilis from a mixed activated sludge, was investigated. Mainly consisting of protein and acid polysaccharide, TJ-F1 owns a molecular weight of 1.2 x 10(5)Da, which brings strong van der Waals forces and ample(More)
A bioflocculant TJ-F1 with high flocculating activity, produced by strain TJ-1 from a mixed activated sludge, was investigated with regard to its production and characterization. By 16S rDNA sequence and biochemical and physiological characteristics, strain TJ-1 was identified as Proteus mirabilis. The most preferred carbon source, nitrogen source and C/N(More)
The internal loop photobiodegradation reactor (ILPBR) was evaluated for the degradation of the pharmaceutical sulfamethoxazole (SMX) using batch experiments following three protocols: photolysis alone (P), biodegradation alone (B), and intimately coupled photolysis and biodegradation (P&B). SMX was removed more rapidly by P&B than by either P or B alone,(More)