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Not only blood pressure but also behavioral activity, brain morphology, and cerebral ventricular size differ between young spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. This suggests that cerebral blood flow and cerebral metabolism may vary between these two rat strains. To test this hypothesis, we measured local cerebral(More)
In this study cerebral capillary bed structure and the effects of chronic hypertension on these systems have been assessed in 6- to 7-month-old spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Capillary diameter (D), profile frequency (Na), volume fraction (Vv), and surface area (Sv) were quantitated by light microscopic morphometry of eight(More)
We have hypothesized that dexamethasone acts, in part, to reduce the formation and spread of edema fluid by altering CBF and VPM and have tested this proposition by measuring CBF and VPM in treated and untreated rats at several times after cold injury of the cerebral cortex. Both CBF and VPM were markedly decreased within the lesioned cortex. This suggests(More)
Variations in microvascular system functions were observed among a number of brain areas. The rates of local blood flow varied 18-fold among areas and were extremely high in neuroendocrine structures. Marked differences in blood flow were also found within some brain structures. The volume of radiolabeled blood in perfused parenchymal microvessels ranged(More)
Iron (Fe) deficiency is a well-known symptom of cadmium (Cd) toxicity. Here, the mechanisms underlying Cd impairment of Fe homeostasis in Arabidopsis were investigated. Arabidopsis plants were subjected to 0 (CK) or 10 μM Cd treatments. After the treatments period, Fe concentrations, expression levels of Fe uptake- and translocation-related genes,(More)
A simple in vivo technique of labeling erythrocytes (RBCs) with 55Fe was developed for quantitative autoradiography (QAR). This procedure involved injecting 5-6 ml of [55Fe]ferrous citrate solution (1 mCi/ml) intraperitoneally into donor rats. The number of labeled RBCs reached a maximum at around 7 days and declined very slowly thereafter. Labeled RBCs(More)
The hypothesis that microvessels in brain parenchyma are continuously perfused by plasma but intermittently perfused by red blood cells (RBCs) was tested in awake Sprague-Dawley rats. The microvascular distribution volumes of radioiodinated serum albumin (RISA) and 51Cr- and 55Fe-labeled RBCs were measured for periods from 15 s to 30 min. Local cerebral(More)
Low power lasers were guided by optic fibers into the rat caudate nucleus or frontal cortex, during conditioned avoidance response (CAR) training. The changes in striatal monoamine and amino acid concentrations were subsequently determined. Of six training groups tested, only the experimental group with helium-neon laser radiation to the caudate nucleus(More)
To evaluate the effectiveness of steroids in the treatment of traumatic cerebral edema, we have hypothesized that the distribution of water and RISA is diminished by Dex and have experimentally tested this proposition with the rat model of cortical cold injury. Dex was found to have no effect on the water content of normal brain. The cold injury(More)
The level of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein is elevated in diseases and disease models that are associated with circulating immune complexes such as serum sickness. Circulatory immune complexes are known to deposit in the basal lamina of fenestrated capillaries and may, as a result, affect both capillary bed and parenchymal function. Since the brain has(More)