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OBJECTIVE To report clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of actinomycosis of the paranasal sinus. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective review. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The medical records of six patients with actinomycosis of the paranasal sinus between 1998 and 2006 were analyzed. RESULTS There were no immunocompromised patients and all lesions were(More)
Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases of the airway. In this study, we investigated the regulation of MUC2 and MUC5AC expression and of their regulatory mechanisms through cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)). Cells activated by IL-1beta showed increased COX-2, MUC2, and MUC5AC(More)
A benign pleomorphic adenoma is the most common tumor of the salivary glands. This tumor has the potential to metastasize to bone, the head and neck region, visceral organs and skin. Although there a few reports about a benign pleomorphic adenoma metastasizing to the maxillary sinus in the paranasal sinuses, there are no reports about a metastatic benign(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Among the airway mucin genes, the MUC4 gene is an important gene in its response to inflammatory diseases of the upper airway. However, the expression and regulation of the MUC4 gene in the nasal polyps remains unclear. STUDY DESIGN The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression of MUC4 mRNA and synthesis of mucin(More)
Leptin, an adipocyte-secreted hormone that regulates food intake and metabolic response, has been recently reported to increase in the serum during inflammatory airway disease associated with mucus-hypersecretion. We investigated the effects of leptin on mucin expression in human airway epithelial cells and the signaling pathways. The expression of the(More)
The biologic actions of insulin-like growth factor-1(IGF-1) are associated with cell growth, differentiation, migration, and survival. IGF-1 constitutes the pathogenic factor in formation of nasal polyps and the regulatory factor in expression of mucins. However, the effect of IGF-1 on MUC8 and MUC5B expression has not been reported. Therefore, in this(More)
OBJECTIVE To acquire basic information concerning the function of the membrane-bound mucin MUC16 in nasal mucosa compared with the best-characterized membrane-bound mucin, MUC4. DESIGN In vitro study using semiquantatitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis and immunoassay. SETTING Yeungnam University College of Medicine. (More)
BACKGROUND Asian sand dust (ASD) is a natural phenomenon and originates from the deserts of China and is known to contain various chemical and biomolecular components that enhance airway inflammation. The overproduction of airway mucins is an important pathologic finding in inflammatory airway diseases. However, the mechanism of ASD on mucin production of(More)
BACKGROUND MUC5AC, a major secreted mucin, is increased in chronic inflammatory airway disease. Spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) is a mediator, which acts as an important regulator of intracellular signal transduction in the inflammatory response. SYK was originally identified in hematopoietic cells, and its expression in some nonhematopoietic cells, including(More)