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Aging and carcinogenesis coincide with the accumulation of DNA damage and mutations in stem and progenitor cells. Molecular mechanisms that influence responses of stem and progenitor cells to DNA damage remain to be delineated. Here, we show that niche positioning and Wnt signaling activity modulate the sensitivity of intestinal stem and progenitor cells(More)
Dietary restriction (DR) improves health, delays tissue aging, and elongates survival in flies and worms. However, studies on laboratory mice and nonhuman primates revealed ambiguous effects of DR on lifespan despite improvements in health parameters. In this study, we analyzed consequences of adult-onset DR (24 h to 1 yr) on hematopoietic stem cell (HSC)(More)
Angiogenesis is increasingly recognized as an important prognosticator associated with the progression of lymphoma and as an attractive target for novel modalities. We report a previously unrecognized mechanism by which lymphoma endothelium facilitates the growth and dissemination of lymphoma by interacting with circulated T cells and suppresses the(More)
SoxC genes are involved in many developmental processes such as cardiac, lymphoid, and bone development. The SoxC gene family is represented by Sox4, Sox11, and Sox12. Loss of either Sox4 or Sox11 function is lethal during mouse embryogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that sox4 and sox11 are strongly expressed in the developing eye, heart as well as brain in(More)
Members of the ProSAP/Shank family are important scaffolding proteins of the postsynaptic density (PSD). We investigated for the first time the expression of the three family members named Shank1, ProSAP1/Shank2, and ProSAP2/Shank3 during Xenopus laevis development. Shank1 is expressed in the neural tube, the retina, and the cranial ganglions. In contrast,(More)
To improve the color purity of thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters, two isomeric compounds, oPTC (5'-(phenoxazin-10-yl)-[1,1':3',1″-terphenyl]-2'-carbonitrile) and mPTC (2'-(phenoxazin-10-yl)-[1,1':3',1″-terphenyl]-5'-carbonitrile), were designed and synthesized with same skeleton but different molecular restrictions. Both compounds(More)
Periostin (postn) is a secreted, extracellular matrix protein containing an EMI domain as well as four fasciclin I-like (Fas1) domains. Postn protein functions in cell adhesion, cell mobility, cell proliferation and gene regulation. Earlier studies have shown that postn is involved in different developmental processes such as somitogenesis, cardiogenesis(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the significance of combined therapy of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). METHODS Retrospective study of 80 APL patients was performed and the complete remission (CR), the recovery time of peripheral hemoglobin and platelet, the early mortality, and the adverse reaction(More)
Telomeres in ageing and cancer Capping of chromosome ends is essential for the stability of linear chromosomes. It requires a minimum length of telomeric DNA, which can be synthesized and elongated by the enzyme telomerase. In addition, functional telomeres depend on the coordinated expression of a group of proteins that bind to telomeric DNA. These(More)
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