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Two variants of antibiotic powder-loaded acrylic bone cements (APLBCs) are widely used in primary total joint replacements. In the United States, the antibiotic is manually blended with the powder of the cement at the start of the procedure, while, in Europe, pre-packaged commercially-available APLBCs (in which the blending is carried out using an(More)
BACKGROUND In some countries, commercially available antibiotic powder-loaded acrylic bone cement is routinely used in joint replacement, while, in others, "off-label" formulations are used in selected procedures (where the antibiotic powder is blended manually with the powder of a plain cement in the operating room/theater by either the surgeon or approved(More)
The present study was designed to yield results that would be used to contribute to the ongoing debate about the mechanism of the in vitro elution of an antibiotic from an antibiotic-loaded acrylic bone cement. To this end, the elution rates (R) of gentamicin sulfate (expressed as a weight percentage of the initial mass of the antibiotic in the specimen,(More)
Constant-amplitude uniaxial tension-compression fatigue tests were conducted on specimens fabricated from 12 sets of acrylic bone cements, covering cement formulations with three different viscosities (so-called "high-", "medium-" and "low-viscosity" varieties), two different methods of mixing the cement constituents (so-called "hand-" and "vacuum-mixed"(More)
Bisphosphonates have the potential to reduce osteolysis, a phenomenon that has been postulated to play a key role in aseptic loosening of total joint replacements. Bisphosphonates may contribute to the in vivo longevity of total joint replacements. Some authors have suggested there are decreases in flexural strength and flexural modulus of the cured cement(More)
Screening of augmentation materials for use in balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) may be carried out using vertebral bodies (VBs) prepared from fresh cadaveric or animal model spines, but this approach has many drawbacks. Alternatively, a validated synthetic VB augmentation model may be used. In the present work, such a model-a cube (26 mm sides) of low-density(More)
The goal of the present work was to test the hypothesis that test frequency, f, does not have a statistically significant effect on the in vitro fatigue life of an acrylic bone cement. Uniaxial constant-amplitude tension-compression fatigue tests were conducted on 12 sets of cements, covering three formulations with three very different viscosities, two(More)
During a cemented arthroplasty, the prepared polymerizing dough of acrylic bone cement is subjected to pressurization in a number of ways; first, during delivery into the freshly prepared bone bed, second, during packing in that bed (either digitally or with the aid of a mechanical device), and, third, during the insertion of the prosthesis. Only a few(More)
The goal of the present work was to investigate the influence of the viscosity classification of an acrylic bone cement on its in vitro fatigue performance, as determined in fully-reversed tension-compression (+/-15 MPa) fatigue tests. The test matrix comprised six commercially available bone cements [Orthoset1, (OS1), Orthoset(R)3 (OS3), CemexRX (CRX),(More)
One strategy that has been suggested for reducing the operating room time for cemented total joint arthroplasties-and, hence, for reducing the total cost of these procedures-is to accelerate the polymerization of the acrylic bone cement by preheating the powder to 65 degrees C. We quantified the effect of preheating the cement powders on the fracture(More)
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