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Lysophosphatidic acid is a growth factor-like signalling phospholipid. We demonstrate here that lysophosphatidic acid induces process retraction in central glia-4 cells and oligodendrocyte precursors. This lysophosphatidic acid effect is rapid and concentration-dependent and results in cell rounding. It is inhibited by pre-treatment of cells with C3(More)
Thymic atrophy is a frequent consequence of infection with bacteria, viruses, and parasites and is considered a common virulence trait between pathogens. Multiple reasons have been proposed to explain this atrophy, including premature egress of immature thymocytes, increased apoptosis, or thymic shutdown to prevent tolerance to the pathogen from developing.(More)
INTRODUCTION A surprising feature of the inflammatory infiltrate in rheumatoid arthritis is the accumulation of neutrophils within synovial fluid and at the pannus cartilage boundary. Recent findings suggest that a distinct subset of IL-17-secreting T-helper cells (TH17 cells) plays a key role in connecting the adaptive and innate arms of the immune(More)
The epidermis comprises multiple layers of specialized epithelial cells called keratinocytes. As cells are lost from the outermost epidermal layers, they are replaced through terminal differentiation, in which keratinocytes of the basal layer cease proliferating, migrate upwards, and eventually reach the outermost cornified layers. Normal homeostasis of the(More)
Knowledge of the response of cytochrome P450 1B1 (CYP1B1) to exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in both humans and rodents is limited. To improve the analysis of CYP1 proteins, specific CYP1B1 and CYP1A1 polypeptides were expressed as hexahistidine-tagged fusion proteins in Escherichia coli, purified to homogeneity and used to produce(More)
Although the expression of PECAM-1 (CD31) on vascular and haematopoietic cells within the bone marrow microenvironment has been recognized for some time, its physiological role within this niche remains unexplored. In this study we show that PECAM-1 influences steady state hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) progenitor numbers in the peripheral blood but not the(More)
BACKGROUND Acute lung injury occurs in approximately 25% to 30% of subjects undergoing oesophagectomy. Experimental studies suggest that treatment with vitamin D may prevent the development of acute lung injury by decreasing inflammatory cytokine release, enhancing lung epithelial repair and protecting alveolar capillary barrier function. METHODS/DESIGN(More)
Arterial oxygen saturation has not been assessed sequentially in conscious mice as a direct consequence of an in vivo murine model of acute lung injury. Here, we report daily changes in arterial oxygen saturation and other cardiopulmonary parameters by using infrared pulse oximetry following intratracheal lipopolysaccharide (IT-LPS) for up to 9 days, and(More)
RATIONALE Vitamin D deficiency has been implicated as a pathogenic factor in sepsis and intensive therapy unit mortality but has not been assessed as a risk factor for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Causality of these associations has never been demonstrated. OBJECTIVES To determine if ARDS is associated with vitamin D deficiency in a(More)
The role of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in regulating immune responses in the thymus is currently unclear. Here we report the existence and role of a MSC population in the thymus that expresses the pericyte and MSC marker CD248 (endosialin). We show using a CD248-deficient mouse model, that CD248 expression on these cells is required for full(More)