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BACKGROUND Many single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been found to be associated with oral cancer but the biological interactions through SNPs are seldom addressed. In this study, we focused on the joint effect for SNP combinations of four DNA repair genes, X-ray repair cross-complementing groups (XRCCs) 1-4, involved in major cancer-related(More)
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) can be vascularized through a process called "tumor cell-lined vessels". Currently, the tumor microenvironment, which is recognized as hypoxic and orchestrated largely by inflammatory cells and defective blood vessels, is considered an important participant in the neoplastic process. We sought to determine their(More)
There is considerable controversy about whether tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) promote or inhibit tumor progression. The present study examined the clinicopathologic significance of TAMs and their association with tumor angiogenesis, cell proliferation, and apoptosis in mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC). The potential effect of TAMs on cancer cells was(More)
Epstein-Barr virus is known to cause nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Although oral cavity is located close to the nasal pharynx, the pathogenetic role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in oral cancers is unclear. This molecular epidemiology study uses EBV genomic microarray (EBV-chip) to simultaneously detect the prevalent rate and viral gene expression patterns in 57(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The effects of areca quid (AQ) consumption on salivary matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) which may participate in tumor invasion and metastasis remains unclear. This study assessed the change in salivary MMP-9 protein levels 2 hours after 5-minute AQ chewing stimulation (AQCS) in non-AQ users and the expression profile of this(More)
Metastasis is a final and eventually fatal step in the progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and typically accompanies a large primary tumor. Metastasis may also present from a small primary tumor and progress rapidly; therefore, early diagnosis is important for patients with small primary tumors. Galectin-1 is one significantly upregulated(More)
Our understanding of psoriatic arthritis has evolved as new knowledge of the disease has emerged. However, the exact prevalence of psoriatic arthritis is unknown, and its pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated. Genetic, environmental, and immunologic factors have all been implicated in disease development. Early diagnosis and treatment have become(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Arecoline, an areca quid (AQ) component, has been shown to inhibit the secretion and activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in fibroblast cultures. This study assessed whether MMP-2 expression was inhibited in the saliva samples and tumor specimens of oral tumor patients with a long-term history of AQ consumption. The net(More)
Overexpression of the receptor tyrosine kinase Axl is implicated in several diseases. The present study was conducted to determine the biologic and clinical significance of Axl in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The expression of Axl was examined in a panel of OSCC cell lines. Activation of Axl by Gas6 treatment and silencing of Axl via Axl shRNA were(More)
This study was designed to investigate the response to a high-cholesterol, n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) or n-6 PUFA diet in rats and hamsters. Animals were fed n-3 or n-6 PUFA with a cholesterol-free diet, or with a diet enriched with cholesterol (0.5%, w/w) for 2 weeks. In rats and hamsters fed a cholesterol-free diet, plasma cholesterol,(More)