Shylaja M Dharmesh

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The current study was undertaken to measure the antioxidant potential from water and methanolic extracts of fruiting bodies of 23 species of mushrooms naturally grown in different geographic locations of India. The antioxidant ability of each species was analyzed for the total antioxidative status, employing multimechanistic antioxidative assays such as(More)
Zinger officinale has been used as a traditional source against gastric disturbances from time immemorial. The ulcer-preventive properties of aqueous extract of ginger rhizome (GRAE) belonging to the family Zingiberaceae is reported in the present study. GRAE at 200 mg kg(-1) b.w. protected up to 86% and 77% for the swim stress-/ethanol stress-induced(More)
Ulcer is a common global problem characterized by acute gastric irritability, bleeding, etc. due to either increased gastric cell proton potassium ATPase activity (PPA) or perturbation of mucosal defence. Helicobacter pylori has been identified as a major ulcerogen in addition to oxidative stress and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In this paper, we(More)
Retinopathy is a major cause of blindness in the Western world, while cataract is one of the three major causes of blindness worldwide. Diabetes is one of the major risk factor in retinopathy and cataract. The prevalence of blindness in India is 15 per 1000 while cataract alone accounts for 80% of this blindness. Diabetes induced cataract is characterized(More)
The anti-ulcer properties of astaxanthin fractions such as total carotenoid and astaxanthin esters from Haematococcus pluvialis were evaluated in ethanol-induced gastric ulcers in rats. Since oxygen radical release is a pathogenic factor of ethanol-induced gastric damage, astaxanthin - a free radical scavenger, was investigated as a potential ulcer(More)
Aim of this study was to elucidate lutein oxidation products mediated through peroxyl radical inducer 2,2'-Azobis (2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride (AAPH) and to study antioxidant and cytotoxic effects of oxidized lutein using liposome and HeLa cells. Lutein (20 μmol) with AAPH (5 mM) in liposome's was incubated at 37 °C in dark for 3 h, oxidized(More)
Asn-linked oligosaccharides terminating with the sequence SO4-4GalNAc beta 1,4GlcNAc beta 1,2Man alpha (S4GGnM) are present on the glycoprotein hormones lutropin and thyrotropin, pro-opiomelanocortin, and tissue factor pathway inhibitor. The peptide motif ProXaaArg/Lys (PXR/K), which is recognized by a PXR/K-specific GalNAc-transferase, is present in each(More)
Astaxanthin mono- (AXME) and diesters (AXDE) were characterized and examined for anticancer potency with total carotenoids (TC) and astaxanthin (AX) against UV-7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced skin cancer model in rat. At 200 μg/kg bw, AXDE and AXME reduced UV-DMBA-induced tumor incidences up to 96 and 88%, respectively, when compared to AX(More)
Pectic polysaccharides from dietary sources such as Decalepis hamiltonii—swallow root (SRPP), Hemidesmus indicus (HPP), Nigella sativa—black cumin (BCPP), Andrographis serpyllifolia—(APP), Zingiber officinale—ginger (GRPP) and, citrus pectin (CPP) were examined for galectin inhibitory activity. Inhibition of (a) galectin-3 of MDA-MB-231 cells induced(More)
AIM To investigate H(+), K(+)-ATPase inhibition, anti-H pylori, antioxidant, and the in vivo antiulcer potential of a pectic polysaccharide from Swallow root (Decalepis hamiltonii; SRPP). METHODS SRPP, with known sugar composition [rhamnose: arabinose: xylose: galactose in the ratio of 16:50:2:32 (w/w), with 141 mg/g of uronic acid] was examined for(More)