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To improve the efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) treatment, it is desirable to identify the physical properties of urinary calculi could offer direct correlation with their fragilities during ESWL and thus could be used to guide treatment procedures for more effective stone fragmentation. Thirty stone specimens removed surgically were(More)
Higher rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC) activity correlated with frontal theta power (frontalθ) is associated with better antidepressant responses. The antidepressant efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) varied widely; however, the effects of TMS might be modulated by manipulating the pretreatment neural states. Therefore,(More)
Prefrontal left-right functional imbalance and disrupted prefronto-thalamic circuitry are plausible mechanisms for treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Add-on repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), effective in treating antidepressant-refractory TRD, was administered to verify the core mechanisms underlying the refractoriness to(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between resting brain glucose metabolism and cognitive profiles in patients with remitted bipolar I disorder (BD-I) and bipolar II disorder (BD-II). We hypothesized that BD-I patients (compared to BD-II patients) would perform worse on tests of cognitive function because of abnormal(More)
BACKGROUND Add-on repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is effective in treating medication-resistant depression (MRD), but little is known about the rTMS antidepressant mechanism and pathophysiology underlying MRD. METHODS Twenty MRD patients received 2 weeks of navigated add-on rTMS to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC).(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have proposed that cognitive deficits are present in a variety of mood states in bipolar disorder (BD). The goal of this study was to find the cognitive deficits in euthymic BD patients and to further explore possible underlying mechanisms of the deficits. METHODS Thirty-three healthy controls (HCs) and twenty-three euthymic BD type I(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of (123)I-ADAM to image the serotonin transporter (SERT) in Asian (Taiwanese) subjects. Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scans were performed on nine healthy volunteers who were s-allele carriers at the polymorphism within the serotonin transporter promoter region (SERTPR) after(More)
To study the impact of video game playing on the human brain, the effects of two video games playing on cerebral blood flow (CBF) in young adults were determined. Thirty healthy subjects comprising 18 males and 12 females who were familiar with video game playing were recruited. Each subject underwent three sessions of single photon emission computed(More)
Converging evidence indicates the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and serotonergic neurons exert reciprocal modulatory actions. Likewise, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been implicated as a growth and differentiation factor in the development of serotonergic neurons. The aim of this study was to examine the interaction of cortisol and BDNF(More)