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RATIONALE There is a paucity of population-based data on COPD prevalence and its determinants in Bangladesh. OBJECTIVE To measure COPD prevalence and socioeconomic and lifestyle determinants among ≥40 years Bangladeshi adults. METHODS In a cross-sectional study, we measured lung function of 3744 randomly selected adults ≥40 years from rural and urban(More)
OBJECTIVE To directly estimate how much smoking contributes to cause-specific mortality in Bangladesh. METHODS A case-control study was conducted with surveillance data from Matlab, a rural subdistrict. Cases (n = 2213) and controls (n = 261) were men aged 25 to 69 years who had died between 2003 and 2010 from smoking-related and non-smoking-related(More)
BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes are an increasing pandemic globally and often remain undiagnosed long after onset in low-income settings. The objective of this study is to assess the determinants and prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes and pre-diabetes among adults in Bangladesh. METHODS In an exploratory study, we performed oral glucose(More)
BACKGROUND Indoor air pollution (IAP) due to solid fuel use is a major risk factor of respiratory and cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Rural Matlab in Bangladesh has been partly supplied with natural gas since the early 1990s, which offered a natural experiment to investigate the long-term impact of IAP on cardiopulmonary mortality. OBJECTIVE This(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the effect of awareness and advice to seek care on blood pressure (BP) control among patients with hypertension in Bangladesh. DESIGN Longitudinal study. SETTING The study was carried out in icddr,b surveillance sites at rural Matlab in Chandpur district and semi-urban Kamalapur in Dhaka, Bangladesh. PARTICIPANTS Randomly selected(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of global mortality. Among the CVDs, acute vascular events (AVE) mainly ischemic heart diseases and stroke are the largest contributors. To achieve 25% reduction in preventable deaths from CVDs by 2025, health systems need to be equipped with extended service coverage in order to provide(More)
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