Shyamala Thirunavukkarasu

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Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1B1 is implicated in vascular smooth muscle cell migration, proliferation, and hypertension. We assessed the contribution of CYP1B1 to angiotensin (Ang) II-induced abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Male Apoe(-/-)/Cyp1b1(+/+) and Apoe(-/-)/Cyp1b1(-/-) mice were infused with Ang II or its vehicle for 4 weeks; another group of(More)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1B1 contributes to vascular smooth muscle cell growth and hypertension in male mice. This study was conducted to determine the contribution of CYP1B1 to the development of atherosclerosis and hypertension and associated pathogenesis in 8-week-old male apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)/Cyp1b1(+/+)), and ApoE- and CYP1B1-deficient(More)
Johne's disease (JD) is a chronic disease affecting ruminants and other species caused by the pathogenic mycobacterium, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). MAP has developed a multitude of mechanisms to persist within the host, and these in turn are counteracted by the host through various immune pathways. Identifying and characterising the(More)
Cytochrome P450 1B1 protects against angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertension and associated cardiovascular changes in female mice, most likely via production of 2-methoxyestradiol. This study was conducted to determine whether 2-methoxyestradiol ameliorates Ang II-induced hypertension, renal dysfunction, and end-organ damage in intact Cyp1b1-/-,(More)
6β-Hydroxytestosterone, a cytochrome P450 1B1-derived metabolite of testosterone, contributes to the development of angiotensin II-induced hypertension and associated cardiovascular pathophysiology. In view of the critical role of angiotensin II in the maintenance of renal homeostasis, development of hypertension, and end-organ damage, this study was(More)
Johne's disease (JD) caused by Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is a chronic infectious disease of ruminants. Activation of the Toll-like receptors (TLR) in response to microbial stimuli, including MAP, initiates responses in immune cells of the blood and within peripheral tissues. TLR2, 4 and 9 are believed to play a critical role in(More)
Mycobacteria have a complex cell wall with a high lipid content that confers unique advantages for bacterial survival in the hostile host environment, leading to long-term infection. There is a wealth of evidence suggesting the role cell wall-associated lipid antigens play at the host-pathogen interface by contributing to bacterial virulence. One pathway(More)
Paratuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is a chronic infectious disease affecting domestic and wild ruminants. Antigens currently used for the diagnosis of paratuberculosis are whole-cell derived crude preparations. The identification of MAP-specific antigens for the specific and early diagnosis of this infection is(More)
BACKGROUND The kidney plays an important role in regulating blood pressure (BP). cPLA2α in the kidney is activated by various agents including angiotensin II (Ang II) and selectively releases arachidonic acid (AA) from tissue lipids, generating pro- and antihypertensive eicosanoids. Since activation of cPLA2α is the rate-limiting step in AA release, this(More)
According to most models of mycobacterial infection, inhibition of the pro-inflammatory macrophage immune responses contributes to the persistence of bacteria. Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) is a highly successful pathogen in cattle and sheep and is also implicated as the causative agent of Crohn's disease in humans. Pathogenic(More)