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High glucose driven reactive oxygen intermediates production and inflammatory damage are recognized contributors of nerve dysfunction and subsequent damage in diabetic neuropathy. Sulforaphane, a known chemotherapeutic agent holds a promise for diabetic neuropathy because of its dual antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The present study(More)
Chronic type 2 diabetes (T2D) causes cognitive deficits which are debilitating to the young as well as the older population. Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) signaling has been reported to be impaired in insulin-resistant and T2D animal models. In this study, we have investigated the involvement of GSK-3β in cognitive deficits associated with T2D using(More)
Hyperglycemia is implicated to play a major role in development of diabetic neuropathy. Since most of the diabetics are hyperglycemic much before they develop full-blown diabetes, we felt, it would be very important to know the effects of acute hyperglycemia on nerve function so that early pathophysiological events could be understood and appropriate(More)
Despite of the huge socio-economic burden, stroke still represents an unmet therapeutic need. Researchers failed to reproduce preclinical efficacy in subsequent clinical development. To bridge this translation failure, the Stroke Therapy Academic Industry Round Table (STAIR) has suggested a rigorous, robust, and detailed preclinical evaluation in at least 2(More)
This study examined the effects of chronic administration of adenosine and CGS 21680 hydrochloride (adenosine A(2A) receptor agonist) on motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV), nerve blood flow (NBF) and histology of sciatic nerve in animal model of diabetic neuropathy. Adenosinergic agents were administered for 2 weeks after 6 weeks of(More)
Oxidative stress induced cell injury is reported to contribute to the pathogenesis of cerebral ischemia. Reactive oxygen species such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and superoxide radical along with nitric oxide and peroxynitrite generated during ischemia-reperfusion injury, causes the overactivation of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) leading to neuronal(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Management of choledocholithiasis during pregnancy is difficult. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of managing common bile duct (CBD) stones during pregnancy using a two-stage procedure without any fetal radiation exposure. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eleven consecutive pregnant women treated endoscopically for(More)
Antioxidants such as glutathione, N-(2-mercaptopropionyl)glycine (MPG), vitamin E, vitamin C and a combination of vitamin E and vitamin C in different treatment schedules were evaluated for their antiemetic activity against cisplatin-induced emesis in dogs. While cisplatin-induced emesis was significantly reduced by all these agents, glutathione, MPG and(More)
Free radical induced neuronal damage is implicated in cerebral ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury and antioxidants are reported to have neuroprotective activity. Several in vitro and in vivo studies have proved the antioxidant potential of curcumin and its metabolites. Hence, in the present study the neuroprotective potential of curcumin was investigated in(More)
Melatonin exhibits an array of biological activities, including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. Diabetic neuropathy is one of the complications of diabetes with a prevalence rate of 50-60%. We have previously reported the protective effect of melatonin in experimental diabetic neuropathy. In this study, we investigated the role of nuclear(More)