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In the present study, an attempt has been made to explore the neuroprotective and neuroreparative (neurorescue) effect of black tea extract (BTE) in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rat model of Parkinson's disease (PD). In the neuroprotective (BTE + 6-OHDA) and neurorescue (6-OHDA + BTE) experiments, the rats were given 1.5% BTE orally prior to and(More)
Naringin has antioxidant properties that could improve redox-sensitive myocardial ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury. This study was designed to investigate whether naringin restores the myocardial damage and dysfunction in vivo after IR and the mechanisms underlying its cardioprotective effects. Naringin (20-80 mg/kg/day, p.o.) or saline were administered to(More)
To determine whether the multidrug-resistance-gene product phospho-glycoprotein (P-gp) is implicated in progression of oral tumours and/or drug resistance, the expression of P-gp was examined in different stages of oral oncogenesis using monoclonal antibody C-219. Cryosections from normal (41 cases), dysplastic lesions (32 cases), untreated primary SCCs (50(More)
Chronic exposure of the oral mucosa to carcinogens in tobacco is linked to inflammation and development of oral premalignant lesions (OPLs) with high risk of progression to cancer; there is currently no clinical methodology to identify high-risk lesions. We hypothesized that identification of differentially expressed proteins in OPLs in relation to normal(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological association of head and neck cancer with smokeless tobacco (ST) emphasizes the need to unravel the molecular mechanisms implicated in cancer development, and identify pharmacologically safe agents for early intervention and prevention of disease recurrence. Guggulsterone (GS), a biosafe nutraceutical, inhibits the PI3K/Akt pathway(More)
OBJECTIVE Glial cells missing 2 (GCM2) gene encodes a parathyroid-specific transcription factor. We assessed GCM2 gene sequence in patients with isolated hypoparathyroidism (IH). DESIGN Case-control study. METHODS Complete DNA sequencing of the GCM2 gene including its exons, promoter, and 5' and 3' UTRs was performed in 24/101 patients with IH.(More)
Cytokine/cytokine receptor gene polymorphisms related to structure/expression could impact immune response. Hence, the -237 polymorphic site in the 5' promoter region of the IL-12Rβ2 (SNP ID: rs11810249) gene associated with the AP-4 transcription motif GAGCTG, was examined. Amplicons encompassing the polymorphism were generated from 46 pulmonary(More)
Understanding the molecular pathways perturbed in smokeless tobacco- (ST) associated head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is critical for identifying novel complementary agents for effective disease management. Activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) was reported in ST-associated HNSCC by us [Sawhney,M. et al.(More)
Oral leukoplakia is a heterogeneous lesion with risk of cancer development; there are no biomarkers to predict its potential of malignant transformation. Tissue proteomic analysis of oral leukoplakia using iTRAQ labeling liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry showed overexpression of heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNP K), a transformation-related(More)
Free radical mediated damage has been reported to contribute significantly towards low survival (5-10%) of grafted dopaminergic neurons, post transplantation. In the present study, an attempt has been made to explore the neuroprotective potential of the combination of two major antioxidants ascorbic acid (AA) and glutathione (GSH) on ventral mesencephalic(More)