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Seminal oxidative stress in the male reproductive tract is known to result in peroxidative damage of the sperm plasma membrane and loss of its DNA integrity. Normally, a balance exists between concentrations of reactive oxygen species and antioxidant scavenging systems. One of the rational strategies to counteract the oxidative stress is to increase the(More)
We defined the basal levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in normal donors in neat (whole unprocessed) semen specimens, and in mature and immature spermatozoa isolated by a double-density gradient technique. In addition, we demonstrated that the ROS levels were significantly lower in neat semen compared with washed spermatozoa. The reference values of(More)
AIM To 1) compare post-wash and post-thaw parameters of sperm processed with PureSperm density gradient technique and swim-up method; and 2) test the efficacy of two commonly available density gradient media PureSperm and ISolate. METHODS This prospective study used semen specimens from 22 patients. Specimens from nine patients were processed by both(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the ability of two cryopreservation methods and three cryoprotectants to preserve sperm quality. DESIGN A prospective clinical study. SETTING Male infertility clinic at a tertiary healthcare center. PATIENT(S) Twenty infertile men and 10 healthy donors. INTERVENTION(S) In the first experiment, semen was cryopreserved by either(More)
Multiple techniques have been developed to measure the amount of sperm DNA damage in an effort to identify more objective parameters for evaluation of infertile men. We now have evidence to support that integrity of sperm DNA influences a couple's fertility and helps predict the chances of pregnancy and its successful outcome. The available tests of sperm(More)
Increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are associated with clinical varicoceles; however, its correlation with varicocele grade and testis size is unknown. In our study, seminal ROS levels showed significant correlation with left varicocele grade and significantly elevated seminal ROS levels were seen in men with left varicocele grade 2 and 3(More)
Accurate assessment of reactive oxygen species (ROS) concentrations may help in the diagnosis of infertility. The chemiluminescence technique, which uses a luminometer to measure ROS, is a common method of assessment. A better understanding of the chemiluminescence technique will allow its proper application in reproductive medicine. A wide range of(More)
Varicocele is one of the leading causes of male infertility, and is present in almost 40% of infertile males. Recent understanding of the role of oxidative stress in male reproduction has led some researchers to postulate oxidative stress as the possible cause of sperm dysfunction in varicocele patients. The objective of the present study was to examine the(More)
F ree radicals are a group of highly reactive chemical molecules that have one or more un-paired electrons and can oxidatively modify bi-omolecules that they encounter. 1 Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are free radicals that are derived from the metabolism of oxygen. They are present in all aerobic organisms. ROS play an important role in many physiologic(More)
Infertility is a common problem experienced by many couples. Numerous treatments are available for female infertility. However, in some cases, the treatment is empirical in nature because the aetiology of infertility is not fully understood. Recently, reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been shown to have an important role in the normal functioning of(More)