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Pulse-number distributions (PNDs) were recorded from primary afferent fibers in the auditory nerve of the cat, using standard extracellular microelectrode recording techniques. Pure-tone and broadband-noise stimuli were used. The number of neural spikes (pulses) n was measured in a set of contiguous intervals, each of duration T seconds. The quantity n(More)
In the classical concept of the middle ear function the malleus rotates around a fixed axis which implies that at small amplitudes of vibration its displacement is essentially one dimensional. As a consequence malleus vibrations have been measured previously along a single viewing axis. As a first step in the study of the complete malleus motion we(More)
The spectral responses of cat single primary auditory nerve fibers to sinusoidal amplitude-modulated (AM) and double-sideband (DSB) acoustic signals applied to the ear were examined. DSB is an amplitude-modulated signal with a suppressed carrier. Period histograms were compiled from the neural spike-train data, and the frequency spectrum was determined by(More)
The amplitude and phase of the tympanic membrane and malleus vibrations were measured over a wide frequency range with a homodyne interferometer. When sound pressure was maintained constant near the tympanic membrane, the malleus frequency response followed the typical pattern up to 10 kHz as measured by previous investigators. At higher frequencies the(More)
The distribution of damage that occurs in the cochlea after removal of the round window membrane was examined in the apical, middle and basal regions with light and electron microscopy. The damage resembles that seen after acoustic trauma in many respects. The outer hair cells are often disrupted in damaged zones, and the radial afferent fibers to the inner(More)
To investigate the presence of the postulated shearing motion in the micromechanics of the inner ear during sound stimulations we measured the vibratory response of the tectorial membrane and the reticular lamina in the third cochlear turn in an isolated temporal bone preparation using confocal laser heterodyne interferometry. The mechanical response of the(More)
Mechanical vibrations were measured at the apical turn in living guinea pig cochlea, in response to sinusoidal acoustic stimuli, using heterodyne interferometry. The cochlea was sealed and the vibrations were measured at different cellular locations along a radial track at the level of reticular lamina and one point on the osseous spiral lamina. Averaged(More)
The apical turn of the anesthetized guinea pig cochlea was opened to examine the basilar membrane optically through the intact Reissner's membrane. Vibrations of the outer Hensen's cell and the basilar membrane (BM) adjacent to and about 130 microm below the level of the Hensen's cell were measured. Outer Hensen's cell vibration at the characteristic(More)