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Recent measurements of three-dimensional stapes motion in gerbil indicated that the piston component of stapes motion was the primary contributor to intracochlear pressure. In order to make a detailed correlation between stapes piston motion and intracochlear pressure behind the stapes, simultaneous pressure and motion measurements were undertaken. We found(More)
Pulse-number distributions (PNDs) were recorded from primary afferent fibers in the auditory nerve of the cat, using standard extracellular microelectrode recording techniques. Pure-tone and broadband-noise stimuli were used. The number of neural spikes (pulses) n was measured in a set of contiguous intervals, each of duration T seconds. The quantity n(More)
In the classical concept of the middle ear function the malleus rotates around a fixed axis which implies that at small amplitudes of vibration its displacement is essentially one dimensional. As a consequence malleus vibrations have been measured previously along a single viewing axis. As a first step in the study of the complete malleus motion we(More)
The spectral responses of cat single primary auditory nerve fibers to sinusoidal amplitude-modulated (AM) and double-sideband (DSB) acoustic signals applied to the ear were examined. DSB is an amplitude-modulated signal with a suppressed carrier. Period histograms were compiled from the neural spike-train data, and the frequency spectrum was determined by(More)
It has always been assumed that the manubrium is in effect perfectly rigid. In this paper, a more realistic model of the manubrium is incorporated into an existing finite-element model of the cat eardrum. The manubrial thickness is based on a three-dimensional reconstruction from serial histological sections. After a review of the literature, a value of 2 x(More)
Vibration of a set of points distributed along the manubrium of cat was measured with a heterodyne interferometer in response to sinusoidal acoustic signals. The observed motion did not fit pure rotation of the malleus around a fixed axis coinciding with the anterior mallar and posterior incudal ligament as is classically assumed. As a first approximation a(More)
The amplitude and phase of the tympanic membrane and malleus vibrations were measured over a wide frequency range with a homodyne interferometer. When sound pressure was maintained constant near the tympanic membrane, the malleus frequency response followed the typical pattern up to 10 kHz as measured by previous investigators. At higher frequencies the(More)