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The toxin beta-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) has been proposed to contribute to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-Parkinsonism Dementia Complex of Guam (ALS/PDC) based on its ability to induce a similar disease phenotype in primates and its presence in cycad seeds, which constituted a dietary item in afflicted populations. Concerns about the apparent low potency(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Loco-regionally recurrent head and neck cancer (HNC) in the setting of prior radiotherapy carries significant morbidity and mortality. The role of re-irradiation (re-RT) remains unclear due to toxicity. We determined prognostic factors for loco-regional control (LRC) and formulated a nomogram to help clinicians select re-RT(More)
Excitotoxicity (caused by over-activation of glutamate receptors) and inflammation both contribute to motor neuron (MN) damage in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and other diseases of the spinal cord. Microglial and astrocytic activation in these conditions results in release of inflammatory mediators, including the cytokine, tumor necrosis factor-alpha(More)
OBJECTIVES This study compared the relative prognostic utility of the Gross Tumor Volume (GTV), maximum Standardized Uptake Value (SUVmax), and Metabolic Tumor Volume (MTV) in a uniform cohort of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) patients treated with platinum-based concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS One-hundred(More)
Observations of elevated CSF glutamate in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), together with findings that motor neurons are selectively vulnerable to glutamate receptor-mediated ("excitotoxic") injury, support an excitotoxic contribution to the motor neuron loss in the disease. However, the basis of the apparent loss of astrocytic glutamate transport(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the effect of primary gross tumor volume (pGTV) and nodal gross tumor volume (nGTV) on treatment outcomes in patients treated with definitive intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for oropharyngeal cancer (OPC). METHODS AND MATERIALS Between September 1998 and April 2009, a total of 442 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of(More)
PURPOSE Neurotrophins (NTs) can stimulate cell proliferation and differentiation in various cell types, and play a role in certain human cancers. In this study we analyzed the expression and localization of NTs and their receptors in microdissected pancreatic cancer tissue samples, and studied their ability to stimulate cell growth. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
Generalized tonic-clonic seizure (GTCS) is the commonest seizure type associated with sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). This study examined the semiological and electroencephalographic differences (EEG) in the GTCSs of adults as compared with those of children. The rationale lies on epidemiological observations that have noted a tenfold higher(More)
UNLABELLED Treatment of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma with chemoradiotherapy can now accomplish excellent locoregional disease control, but patient overall survival (OS) remains limited by development of distant metastases (DM). We investigated the prognostic value of staging (18)F-FDG PET/CT, beyond clinical risk factors, for predicting DM and OS(More)