Shyam Bala Lall

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AIM To investigate the cholinesterase inhibition and effect of atropine and pralidoxime (PAM) treatment on the survival time in the rat model of aluminium phosphide (AlP) poisoning. METHODS The rats were treated with AlP (10 mg/kg; 5.55 x LD50; ig) and the survival time was noted. The effect of atropine (1 mg/kg, ip) and PAM (5 mg/kg, ip) was noted on the(More)
Aluminium phosphide (AlP) a grain fumigant is the leading cause of intentional poisoning in North India. The mechanisms involved in toxicity are not known and there is no antidote till date. The present study was carried out to investigate the oxygen free radical generation, methemoglobinemia and effect of methylene blue treatment on survival time in rat(More)
In the past decade there have been considerable advances in basic knowledge of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The most important new development has been the appreciation of a tissue based RAS that can be independently regulated from the renal and vascular RAS. Greater insight into the mechanism by which angiotension-II (AII) exerts its action has been(More)
The effect of 30, 100 and 300 ppm of cadmium chloride (CdCl2) exposure for 35 days on humoral and cell mediated immune response was examined in Swiss Albino mice. Body burden of cadmium in kidney, spleen and liver was determined and histopathology of these organs was also done. Cadmium chloride in doses of 100 and 300 ppm when fed in drinking water caused(More)
The retrospective data on childhood poisoning from eight regional hospitals in India has been reviewed. The demographic features and types of poisonings encountered have been compared. The analysis of the data indicated that pediatric poisonings constituted 0.23-3.3% of the total poisoning. The mortality ranged from 0.64-11.6% with highest being from(More)
Aluminium phosphide(AlP), a grain fumigant pesticide, was studied for its cardiotoxicity in anaesthetised rats. The hemodynamic and cardiac biochemical changes were investigated following intragastric administration of different doses of AlP (10, 20 and 40 mg). With 10 and 20 mg dose of AlP an immediate fall in BP was observed which recovered partially and(More)
AIM To investigate the protective effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and Nomega-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) on aluminium phosphide (AlP) poisoning induced hemodynamic changes, myocardial oxygen free radical injury and on survival time in rats. METHODS AlP (12.5 mg/kg) was administered intragastrically under urethane anaesthesia. The effect of(More)
Role of renin-angiotensin system in hypertension induced by cadmium chloride (CdCl2) in rats has been investigated. Intravenous administration of CdCl (1 mg/kg) produced a biphasic response i.e. a transient fall followed by a marked and consistent rise in blood pressure. The peak hypertensive effect was accompanied by raised PRA levels. Pretreatment with(More)
Cadmium chloride at doses of 30, 100 and 300 ppm was orally fed to swiss albino mice for 35 days and the humoral and cell mediated immunity was studied by measuring the haemagglutination titre and delayed type hypersensitivity response respectively. Further, the blood corticosteroid level was determined in all the groups. Cadmium at doses of 100 and 300 ppm(More)