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To determine incidence of invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease in a defined population of Jeonbuk Province, Korea, children <5 years were evaluated in prospective, population-based surveillance of invasive bacterial diseases using standardized methods for patient referral, clinical evaluation and laboratory testing (optimized culture, latex(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of gout and to examine its risk factors among Taiwan's Aborigines compared with non-Aborigines. METHODS Data were collected from persons older than 40 years living in 3 aboriginal and 2 non-aboriginal districts in Taiwan by a community survey. Cases of gout were identified from self-reporting of a doctor's diagnosis(More)
The prevalence of betel quid chewing habit in Taiwan was surveyed in a group of Chinese people from Kaohsiung city and in a second group from the aboriginal inhabitants of South Taiwan. In all 1299 participants constituted Group 1 (85.2% response rate) and 827 Group 2 (70.1% response rate). People were interviewed in their homes in house-to-house survey,(More)
The association of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and tattooing was studied in 87 tattooed and 126 tattoo free healthy young men who did not engage in intravenous drug use or multiple sexual activity. Antibody against HCV (anti-HCV) was tested in serum specimens by enzyme immunoassay with C100-3, NS3, and core antigens; 11 of the 87 (12.6%) tattooed and(More)
OBJECTIVE A new single nucleotide change of the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) gene on coding region has been identified from a Taiwanese aboriginal family with gout. The mutation was used to screen 27 members of the family, 22 Tsou, 70 Atayal, and 76 Bunun children, the elders for whom had been found to have a high prevalence of(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA) are a class of small, single-stranded, non-coding RNA that regulate mRNA expression at the post-transcriptional level and play important roles in many fundamental biological processes. There is emerging evidence that miRNA are critical regulators of widespread cellular functions, such as differentiation, proliferation, and migration. At(More)
In the present study, attempts were made to clarify the effect of heavy metal stressors and salinity shock on the disease susceptibility of grouper fry (Epinephelus sp.) to infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) infection. Zinc, cadmium and copper (5 ppm ZnCl2, 3 ppm CdCl2 and 1 ppm CuCl2) were used to treat groupers before and after virus infection.(More)
AlGaN/GaN metal–semiconductor–metal (MSM) ultraviolet (UV) photodetectors with photo-chemical vapour deposition (photo-CVD) annealed Ni/Au semi-transparent contacts were fabricated. It was found that the transmittances of Ni/Au films increased while the photodetector dark currents became significantly lower after annealing. With a 5 V applied bias, it was(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Intestinal tuberculosis and Crohn's disease are chronic inflammatory bowel disorders that are difficult to differentiate from one another. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of various colonoscopic findings in the differential diagnosis between intestinal tuberculosis and Crohn's disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
We compared the immunogenicity of the four available Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccines in Alaska Native infants. Three of the vaccines, Hib oligosaccharide-CRM197 (HbOC), polyribosylribitol phosphate-diphtheria toxoid (PRP-D) and polyribosylribitol phosphate-tetanus toxoid (PRP-T), were given at 2, 4 and 6 months of age, and the PRP(More)