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To determine incidence of invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease in a defined population of Jeonbuk Province, Korea, children <5 years were evaluated in prospective, population-based surveillance of invasive bacterial diseases using standardized methods for patient referral, clinical evaluation and laboratory testing (optimized culture, latex(More)
The prevalence of betel quid chewing habit in Taiwan was surveyed in a group of Chinese people from Kaohsiung city and in a second group from the aboriginal inhabitants of South Taiwan. In all 1299 participants constituted Group 1 (85.2% response rate) and 827 Group 2 (70.1% response rate). People were interviewed in their homes in house-to-house survey,(More)
OBJECTIVE A new single nucleotide change of the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) gene on coding region has been identified from a Taiwanese aboriginal family with gout. The mutation was used to screen 27 members of the family, 22 Tsou, 70 Atayal, and 76 Bunun children, the elders for whom had been found to have a high prevalence of(More)
In the present study, attempts were made to clarify the effect of heavy metal stressors and salinity shock on the disease susceptibility of grouper fry (Epinephelus sp.) to infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) infection. Zinc, cadmium and copper (5 ppm ZnCl2, 3 ppm CdCl2 and 1 ppm CuCl2) were used to treat groupers before and after virus infection.(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of gout and to examine its risk factors among Taiwan's Aborigines compared with non-Aborigines. METHODS Data were collected from persons older than 40 years living in 3 aboriginal and 2 non-aboriginal districts in Taiwan by a community survey. Cases of gout were identified from self-reporting of a doctor's diagnosis(More)
The association of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and tattooing was studied in 87 tattooed and 126 tattoo free healthy young men who did not engage in intravenous drug use or multiple sexual activity. Antibody against HCV (anti-HCV) was tested in serum specimens by enzyme immunoassay with C100-3, NS3, and core antigens; 11 of the 87 (12.6%) tattooed and(More)
BACKGROUND Relative survival rates can offer a general description of tumor outcome and, traditionally, are used for surveillance and comparison purposes. However, they are not informative for individual tumor survivors. Conditional survival estimates can calculate the probability of surviving next some years given survival to a specific period of time(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and immunogenicity of a bivalent serogroups A/C meningococcal oligosaccharide-protein conjugate vaccine compared with the licensed meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine. DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. STUDY POPULATION Ninety healthy 18- to 24-month-old children who were seen at a southern California Kaiser Permanente(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Intestinal tuberculosis and Crohn's disease are chronic inflammatory bowel disorders that are difficult to differentiate from one another. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of various colonoscopic findings in the differential diagnosis between intestinal tuberculosis and Crohn's disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
One-day-old Taiwan native male chicks were fed with maize-soybean rearing diets without supplemental vitamin E to 23 weeks of age. From 23 to 52 weeks of age, the cockerels (n = 90) were assigned at random to 5 dietary treatments and fed with maize-soybean diets supplemented with 0, 20, 40, 80 and 160 mg/kg of vitamin E (dl-alpha-tocopherol acetate).(More)