Shwu Jen Chang

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The prevalence of betel quid chewing habit in Taiwan was surveyed in a group of Chinese people from Kaohsiung city and in a second group from the aboriginal inhabitants of South Taiwan. In all 1299 participants constituted Group 1 (85.2% response rate) and 827 Group 2 (70.1% response rate). People were interviewed in their homes in house-to-house survey,(More)
To determine incidence of invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease in a defined population of Jeonbuk Province, Korea, children <5 years were evaluated in prospective, population-based surveillance of invasive bacterial diseases using standardized methods for patient referral, clinical evaluation and laboratory testing (optimized culture, latex(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of gout and to examine its risk factors among Taiwan's Aborigines compared with non-Aborigines. METHODS Data were collected from persons older than 40 years living in 3 aboriginal and 2 non-aboriginal districts in Taiwan by a community survey. Cases of gout were identified from self-reporting of a doctor's diagnosis(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA) are a class of small, single-stranded, non-coding RNA that regulate mRNA expression at the post-transcriptional level and play important roles in many fundamental biological processes. There is emerging evidence that miRNA are critical regulators of widespread cellular functions, such as differentiation, proliferation, and migration. At(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) open reading frame BGLF4 was identified as a potential Ser/Thr protein kinase gene through the recognition of amino acid sequence motifs characteristic of conserved regions within the catalytic domains of protein kinases. In order to investigate this potential kinase activity, BGLF4 was expressed in Escherichia coli and the(More)
The change of blood pressure and heart rate after intravenous injection of Korea red ginseng (KRG) were studied in the conscious normotensive and one-kidney, one-clip Goldblatt hypertensive (1K, 1C-GBH) rats. Crude saponin (CS) of KRG (50, 100 mg/kg i.v.) induced a hypotensive effect and bradycardia in a dose-dependent manner in the anesthetized rats. On(More)
In the present study, attempts were made to clarify the effect of heavy metal stressors and salinity shock on the disease susceptibility of grouper fry (Epinephelus sp.) to infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) infection. Zinc, cadmium and copper (5 ppm ZnCl2, 3 ppm CdCl2 and 1 ppm CuCl2) were used to treat groupers before and after virus infection.(More)
The association of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and tattooing was studied in 87 tattooed and 126 tattoo free healthy young men who did not engage in intravenous drug use or multiple sexual activity. Antibody against HCV (anti-HCV) was tested in serum specimens by enzyme immunoassay with C100-3, NS3, and core antigens; 11 of the 87 (12.6%) tattooed and(More)
Recent studies suggest that dihydroartemisinin (DHA), a derivative of artemisinin isolated from the traditional Chinese herb Artemisia annua L., has anticancer properties. Due to poor water solubility, poor oral activity, and a short plasma half-life, large doses of DHA have to be injected to achieve the necessary bioavailability. This study examined(More)
OBJECTIVE To reveal the factors associated with renal dysfunction among gout patients in Taiwan aborigines. METHODS Social demographic data, alcohol consumption data, anthropometric measurements, blood samples, and 24-h urine samples were collected from 128 aboriginals (101 men, 27 women) suffering from gout. RESULTS The men displayed higher mean(More)