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In adipose tissue, muscle, liver and macrophages, signaling by the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) is a determinant of insulin sensitivity and this receptor mediates the insulin-sensitizing effects of thiazolidinediones (TZDs). As PPAR-γ is also expressed in neurons, we generated mice with neuron-specific Pparg(More)
BACKGROUND Malaria presents a diagnostic challenge in most tropical countries. Microscopy remains the gold standard for diagnosing malaria infections in clinical practice and research. However, microscopy is labour intensive, requires significant skills and time, which causes therapeutic delays. The objective of obtaining result quickly from the examination(More)
BACKGROUND Susceptibility/resistance to Plasmodium falciparum malaria has been correlated with polymorphisms in more than 30 human genes with most association analyses having been carried out on patients from Africa and south-east Asia. The aim of this study was to examine the possible contribution of genetic variants in the TNF and FCGR2A genes in(More)
Rice tungro disease, caused by simultaneous infection of Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) and Rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV), is an important cause of reduced rice harvests in South and Southeast Asia. Although various biological, serological and molecular techniques have been reported previously for the detection of RTBV and RTSV, a method that(More)
We report a case of symptomatic hypomagnesaemia in medical intensive care unit that is strongly related to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and provide literature review. A 65-year-old male with severe gastroesophageal reflux on omeprazole 20 mg orally twice a day, who presented to the hospital with abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, and new onset seizures. On(More)
UNLABELLED Plant viruses, possessing a bacilliform shape and containing double-stranded DNA, are emerging as important pathogens in a number of agricultural and horticultural crops in the tropics. They have been reported from a large number of countries in African and Asian continents, as well as from islands from the Pacific region. The viruses, belonging(More)
Female obesity is associated with insulin resistance, hyperandrogenemia, and reproductive dysfunction. We hypothesized that elevated free fatty acids (FFAs) might directly modulate pituitary gonadotropin production. FFAs caused a time- and dose-dependent increase in phosphorylation of the MAPKs p38MAPK, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-1/2, and ERK1/2 in LβT2(More)
PURPOSE To standardize the technique of ex vivo culture of limbal epithelial stem cells (LESCs) using locally available adapted methods and evaluate the outcome of transplantation in patients with limbal stem cell deficiency. METHODS Limbal tissue specimens were isolated from cadaveric corneoscleral rims, living related donors, or contralateral eye of the(More)
Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) is a method of rapid and transient gene silencing in plants using viral vectors. A VIGS vector for gene silencing in rice has been developed from Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV), a rice-infecting virus containing DNA as the genetic material. A full-length RTBV DNA cloned as a partial dimer in a binary plasmid(More)
Gonadotropin synthesis and release is dependent on pulsatile stimulation by the hypothalamic neuropeptide GnRH. Generally, slow GnRH pulses promote FSH production, whereas rapid pulses favor LH, but the molecular mechanism underlying this pulse sensitivity is poorly understood. In this study, we developed and tested a model for FSHβ regulation in mouse LβT2(More)