Shweta Phadnis

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Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative bacterium which causes chronic gastritis and is associated with peptic ulcer disease, gastric carcinoma, and gastric lymphoma. The bacterium is characterized by potent urease activity, thought to be located on the outer membrane, which is essential for survival at low pH. The purpose of the present study was to(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a spiral, gram-negative bacterium which causes chronic gastritis and plays a critical role in peptic ulcer disease, gastric carcinoma, and gastric lymphoma. H. pylori expresses significant urease activity which is an essential virulence factor. Since a significant fraction of urease activity is located on the surface of the bacterium,(More)
Helicobacter pylori is the causative agent of most cases of gastritis. Once acquired, H. pylori establishes chronic persistent infection; it is this long-term infection that, is a subset of patients, leads to gastric or duodenal ulcer, gastric cancer or gastric MALT lymphoma. All fresh isolates of H. pylori express significant urease activity, which is(More)
Some strains of Helicobacter pylori are known to produce an extracellular cytotoxin that causes vacuolization in various mammalian cells. In this study, we found that concentrated culture supernatants from four Helicobacter strains isolated from patients infected with the bacterium, but having normal gastric mucosa, lacked cytotoxic activity. We also show(More)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for Helicobacter pylori was developed with use of primer sequences from the ureA structural gene coding for the small subunit of urease. The PCR amplification was 100% specific for H. pylori in tests with 40 stock isolates of this species and with 30 control organisms, including two species of urease-producing(More)
Calprotectin is a protein in neutrophil cytoplasm and abscess fluids that appears to inhibit microbial growth through competition for zinc. This study was undertaken to identify specific sites that might be responsible for the protein's zinc-binding antimicrobial activity. A review of published calprotectin amino acid sequences revealed the HEXXH motif of(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the yield of antral biopsies performed via unsedated transnasal esophagogastroduodenoscopy, a technique that does not require conscious sedation with its concomitant costs and complications, for documentation of Helicobacter pylori eradication. METHODS Nineteen patients who were previously CLO test positive(More)
The complete genome of the gram-negative bacterial pathogen Helicobacter pylori, an important etiological agent of gastroduodenal disease in humans, has recently been published. This sequence revealed that the putative products of roughly one-third of the open reading frames (ORFs) have no significant homology to any known proteins. To be able to analyze(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the Pyloritek test (a 1-h rapid urease test) to the widely used CLO test. METHODS Seventy-one patients undergoing upper endoscopy were studied. All patients gave informed consent. A single antral biopsy specimen was obtained for the CLO test, and another was obtained for the Pyloritek test. Additional(More)