Learn More
OBJECTIVE The sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptor agonist fingolimod (FTY720), that has shown efficacy in advanced multiple sclerosis clinical trials, decreases reperfusion injury in heart, liver, and kidney. We therefore tested the therapeutic effects of fingolimod in several rodent models of focal cerebral ischemia. To assess the translational(More)
The epidemiology of ovine theilreiosis in Gannan Tibet Autonomous Region was investigated. The results of these studies indicate that this disease is endemic in the following counties of Gannan where the vector tick was identified as Haemaphysalis qighaiensis : Luqu, Xiahe, Hezuo, Zhuoni, Lintan, Diebu, Maqu. The disease mainly occurred from March to May(More)
The fundamental premise of neuroprotection has historically focused on the prevention of neuronal death. However, despite tremendous advances in the molecular biology of intraneuronal mechanisms and pathways, a clinically effective neuroprotectant does not yet exist. This problem is especially clear for stroke, for which a large number of neuroprotection(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We recently reported that delayed lithium therapy can improve stroke recovery in rats by augmenting neurovascular remodeling. We tested the hypothesis that lithium can promote the expression of growth factors in brain endothelial cells and astrocytes. METHODS Human brain microvascular endothelial cells and primary rat cortical(More)
The Gannan Tibet Autonomous Region is the biggest and most important stock-raising region of Gansu Province, People’s Republic of China. Many sheep and goats from this region suffer from Theileria challenge each year, resulting in inestimable economical losses. A first large-scale serological investigation by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of ovine(More)
Stroke remains a major health problem worldwide, and is the leading cause of serious long-term disability. Recent findings now suggest that strategies to enhance angiogenesis after focal cerebral ischemia may provide unique opportunities to improve clinical outcomes during stroke recovery. In this mini-review, we survey emerging mechanisms and potential(More)
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) may provide novel opportunities for therapeutic angiogenesis after ischemic diseases. However, it is unclear how the angiogenic potential of EPCs might be affected by an inflammatory environment. We examine how the potent cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) affects angiovasculogenic responses in EPCs in culture.(More)
Using a suppressive subtractive hybridization system, we identified CSIG (cellular senescence-inhibited gene protein; RSL1D1) that was abundant in young human diploid fibroblast cells but declined upon replicative senescence. Overexpression or knockdown of CSIG did not influence p21(Cip1) and p16(INK4a) expressions. Instead, CSIG negatively regulated PTEN(More)
Historically, the neuron has been the conceptual focus for almost all of neuroscience research. In recent years, however, the concept of the neurovascular unit has emerged as a new paradigm for investigating both physiology and pathology in the CNS. This concept proposes that a purely neurocentric focus is not sufficient, and emphasizes that all cell types(More)
The transmission of a recently identified Theileria species pathogenic for sheep and goats in northern China is described. Haemaphysalis qinghaiensis nymphs which had been collected from grass in epidemic areas were able to transmit this Theileria species to sheep. The pathogen was also transmitted to sheep and goats by three batches of adult ticks(More)