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A collection of structurally closely related furanones was synthesized to identify the most important structural elements in brominated furanones for inhibiting the formation of bacterial biofilms. The results suggest that a conjugated exocyclic vinyl bromide on the furanone ring is the most important structural element for the non-toxic but inhibition(More)
Chemical gradients play an important role in guiding the activities of both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Here, we used molecularly well-defined chemical gradients formed by self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on gold films to reveal that mammalian cell adhesion and bacterial biofilm formation respond differently to a gradient of surface chemistry that(More)
We have investigated the ability of a previously reported antimicrobial peptide dendrimer (RW)(4D) to inactivate Escherichia coli RP437 in planktonic culture and in biofilms. The results show that the dendrimer inhibits bacterial growth in both planktonic and biofilm states. Live/Dead staining assays reveal that most bacteria in a preformed biofilm lose(More)
Bacterial biofilms are ubiquitous and are the major cause of chronic infections in humans and persistent biofouling in industry. Despite the significance of bacterial biofilms, the mechanism of biofilm formation and associated drug tolerance is still not fully understood. A major challenge in biofilm research is the intrinsic heterogeneity in the biofilm(More)
Two bacterial strains, Py1 and Py4, have been tamed and isolated through long cultivation with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon—pyrene as the single carbon source. It has been proven that they are both highly-efficient pyrene degrading bacteria and both Bacillus sp.. The pyrene degradation ability of separated Py1, Py4 and the consortium of equal Py1 and Py4(More)
The selection of a quantitative protein assay for biologics bioanalysis in a pre-clinical study depends on what platform will provide the right data for the drug under development. Some questions to be considered when choosing an assay platform include, is the total or free drug concentration required? Are there in vivo structural changes that might impact(More)
Biofilms are involved in 80% of human bacterial infections and are up to 1000 times more tolerant to antibiotics than their planktonic counterparts. To better understand the mechanism of bacteria-surface interactions, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) surfaces with microtopographic patterns were tested to study the effects of surface topography on bacterial(More)
Biofilms are sessile microbial communities that cause serious chronic infections with high morbidity and mortality. In order to develop more effective approaches for biofilm control, a series of linear cationic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) with various arginine (Arg or R) and tryptophan (Trp or W) repeats [(RW)(n)-NH(2), where n = 2, 3, or 4] were(More)
The need exists for biomaterials that prevent biofilm formation and associated infections. In this report, we have studied the synthesis, processing, and antimicrobial behavior of new silver-containing thermoplastic hydrogel nanofibrous webs. Thermoplastic hydrogels were synthesized from multiblock PEG-POSS polyurethanes (PEG: poly(ethylene gylcol); POSS:(More)