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BACKGROUND Intracranial neurenteric cysts are rare, benign lesions of the central nervous system. OBJECTIVE To analyze our experience with these lesions and conduct a review of the literature with the aim of identifying a rational approach to diagnosis and management. METHODS Seven patients underwent surgical treatment for intracranial neurenteric cysts(More)
Gliomas arising in the brainstem and thalamus are devastating tumors that are difficult to surgically resect. To determine the genetic and epigenetic landscape of these tumors, we performed exomic sequencing of 14 brainstem gliomas (BSGs) and 12 thalamic gliomas. We also performed targeted mutational analysis of an additional 24 such tumors and genome-wide(More)
The development of the cancer stem cell (CSCs) niche theory has provided a new target for the treatment of gliomas. Gene therapy using oncolytic viral vectors has shown great potential for the therapeutic targeting of CSCs. To explore whether a viral vector carrying an exogenous Endo-Angio fusion gene (VAE) can infect and kill glioma stem cells (GSCs), as(More)
This study aims to evaluate the benefits of intraoperative indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography and associated surgical outcomes of patients with spinal vascular malformations. ICG videoangiography was used during 24 surgical interventions to treat spinal vascular malformations at the Beijing Tiantan Hospital from August 2009 to May 2011. The vascular(More)
BACKGROUND Although there has been great development in the anatomical understanding and operative techniques for skull base tumors, controversy still exists regarding the optimal surgical strategies for the FMMs. We report clinical and radiologic features as well as the surgical findings and outcome for patients with FMM treated at our institution over the(More)
Central nervous system hemangiopericytoma (HPC) is a malignant vascularized mesenchymal tumor with a high rate of recurrence. Because of its rarity, few clinical characteristics and prognostic analysis information regarding recurrent HPC exist for doctors to pursue optimal outcomes. Forty-six recurrent HPC cases treated at our hospital between 2004 and 2012(More)
BACKGROUND To the best of the authors' knowledge, there are few case reports of penetrating brain injuries (PBI) caused by nail guns and these have usually involved incomplete penetration of the skull. Complete penetration of a nail into the intracranial cavity is extremely rare. CASE STUDY Here, two such cases are presented. In the first, the nail(More)
A recent chordoma cancer genotyping study reveals that the rs2305089, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in brachyury gene and a key gene in the development of notochord, is significantly associated with chordoma risk. The brachyury gene is believed to be one of the key genes involved in the pathogenesis of chordoma, a rare primary bone tumor(More)
Oxidative stress is the principal factor in traumatic brain injury (TBI) that initiates events that result in protracted neuronal dysfunction and remodeling. Importantly, antioxidants can protect the brain against oxidative damage and modulate the capacity of the brain to cope with synaptic dysfunction and cognitive impairment. However, no studies have(More)
Brainstem and thalamic gliomas are rare, and they are poorly understood in adults. Genetic aberrations that occur in these tumors are still unknown. In this study, we investigated whether thalamic gliomas have different genetic aberrations and clinical outcomes compared with brainstem gliomas in adults. Forty-three glioma samples were selected, including 28(More)