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Vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1) has been proposed to be the principal heat-responsive channel for nociceptive neurons. The skin of both rat and mouse receives major projections from primary sensory afferents that bind the plant lectin isolectin B4 (IB4). The majority of IB4-positive neurons are known to be heat-responsive nociceptors. Previous studies(More)
BACKGROUND Under conditions of salt stress, plants respond by initiating phosphorylation cascades. Many key phosphorylation events occur at the membrane. However, to date only limited sites have been identified that are phosphorylated in response to salt stress in plants. RESULTS Membrane fractions from three-day and 200 mM salt-treated Arabidopsis(More)
The peroxide regulator (PerR) is a ferric uptake repressor-like protein, which is involved in adaptation to oxidative stress and iron homeostasis in group A streptococcus. A perR mutant is attenuated in surviving in human blood, colonization of the pharynx, and resistance to phagocytic clearance, indicating that the PerR regulon affects both host(More)
Clozapine treatment frequently causes body weight gain that may impair health and may affect patient compliance. While the histamine-1 (H1) receptor may play a major role in the mechanism of the clozapine-induced body weight change, we tested the relationship between the genetic variant (Glu349Asp) of the H1 receptor and the clozapine-induced body weight(More)
TDP-43 is the major pathological protein identified in the cellular inclusions in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration. The pathogenic forms of TDP-43 are processed C-terminal fragments containing a truncated RNA-recognition motif (RRM2) and a glycine-rich region. Although extensive studies have focused on this protein, it(More)
A dense population, global connectivity and frequent human-animal interaction give southern China an important role in the spread and emergence of infectious disease. However, patterns of person-to-person contact relevant to the spread of directly transmitted infections such as influenza remain poorly quantified in the region. We conducted a household-based(More)
The service-orientated computing paradigm is transforming traditional workflow management from a close and centralized control system into a worldwide dynamic business process. A complete workflow serving inter-enterprise collaboration should include both internal processes and ad hoc external processes. This paper presents an agent-based workflow model to(More)
A key observation about the human immune response to repeated exposure to influenza A is that the first strain infecting an individual apparently produces the strongest adaptive immune response. Although antibody titers measure that response, the interpretation of titers to multiple strains--from the same sera--in terms of infection history is clouded by(More)
A study of the peripheral sensory system of young and aged Blk6 mice obtained from the National Institutes on Aging mouse colony is described. Behavioral assays showed male and female aged mice had decreased sensitivity to thermal stimuli. The receptor for the growth factor artemin (Artn), GFRalpha3, and the ion channel TRPV1, which is expressed by 95-99%(More)